Table 2

General overweight and obesity (BMI≥25 kg/m2) according to IOTF and abdominal obesity (waist-to-height ratio ≥0.5), presented as prevalence (%) and PR (95% CI) by marital status, crude and adjusted, for all children and separately for boys and girls

nCrudeAdjusted
Prevalence (%)PR(95% CI)PR(95% CI)
General overweight and obesity
 All children (N=3137)19.0
Parental marital status
 Married200418.21.00Ref.1.00Ref.
 Never married90318.81.03(0.85 to 1.25)1.03*(0.84 to 1.26)
 Divorced23028.01.54(1.21 to 1.95)1.46*(1.16 to 1.84)
 p Value<0.01‡0.01§0.02§
Parental marital status
 Gender specific
  Boys
   Married101716.21.00Ref.1.00Ref.
   Never married47014.60.90(0.66 to 1.22)0.94†(0.69 to 1.28)
   Divorced12127.51.69(1.18 to 2.44)1.63†(1.11 to 2.39)
   p Value0.02‡0.04§0.05§
  Girls
   Married98720.31.00Ref.1.00Ref.
   Never married43323.11.14(0.87 to 1.50)1.10†(0.82 to 1.47)
   Divorced10928.51.41(0.97 to 2.04)1.34†(0.91 to 1.98)
   p Value0.16‡0.19§0.32§
Abdominal obesity
 All children (N=3137)8.9
Parental marital status
 Married20048.51.00Ref.1.00Ref.
 Never married9038.20.97(0.71 to 1.32)0.97*(0.69 to 1.36)
 Divorced23016.11.89(1.35 to 2.65)1.76*(1.26 to 2.45)
 p Value<0.01‡0.01§0.02§
Parental marital status
 Gender specific
  Boys
   Married10178.51.00Ref.1.00Ref.
   Never married4706.70.79(0.54 to 1.15)0.85†(0.58 to 1.24)
   Divorced12119.12.24(1.41 to 3.56)2.04†(1.23 to 3.37)
   p Value<0.001‡0.01§0.03§
  Girls
   Married9878.51.00Ref.1.00Ref.
   Never married4339.81.16(0.69 to 1.95)1.07†(0.60 to 1.92)
   Divorced10912.81.51(0.78 to 2.95)1.48†(0.77 to 2.86)
   p Value0.42‡0.45§0.47§
  • *Adjusted for maternal education and gender.

  • †Adjusted for maternal education.

  • ‡χ² Test.

  • §Test for overall p value for differences between categories.

  • BMI, body mass index; IOTF, International Obesity Task Force; PR, prevalence ratio.