Table 1

Characteristics of users and non-users of the different healthcare services, Mexico 2012*

DAPPsSocial SecurityMinistry of HealthPrivate doctorsNon-usersp Value corrected by survey design effect
Observations23874148539039769951
Sample9.216.120.915.438.5
(%)1 715 8382 775 1952 709 3872 884 345 967 254
Weighted10.717.316.918.037.2
(%)Estimation (95% CI)
Male (vs female)44.7 (42.0 to 47.5)41.0 (39.0 to 43.0)40.3 (38.6 to 42.2)45.0 (42.8 to 47.2)46.4 (45.1 to 47.7)0.00
Years of age
 0–935.3 (32.3 to 38.4)18.2 (16.5 to 20.1)29.1 (27.3 to 31.0)30.6 (28.6 to 32.7)19.6 (18.5 to 20.8)0.00
 10–1916.5 (14.5 to 18.7)9.2 (8.1 to 10.5)13.7 (12.5 to 15.0)11.9 (10.7 to 13.2)16.4 (15.5 to 17.4)
 20–6443.5 (40.6 to 46.5)56.4 (54.2 to 58.7)46.8 (45.0 to 48.6)48.0 (45.9 to 50.1)56.0 (54.6 to 57.4)
 ≥654.8 (3.6 to 6.2)16.1 (14.4 to 17.9)10.4 (9.3 to 11.7)9.5 (8.4 to 10.7)8.0 (7.2 to 8.8)
Years of schooling
 03.8 (2.9 to 4.9)7.1 (6.1 to 8.3)11.1 (10.0 to 12.4)6.5 (5.6 to 7.5)8.1 (7.4 to 8.9)0.00
 1–646.2 (43.0 to 49.4)36.9 (34.5 to 39.4)54.1 (52.0 to 56.3)36.3 (34.0 to 38.7)42.7 (41.0 to 44.4)
 7–928.8 (26.1 to 31.7)25.6 (23.5 to 27.8)22.0 (20.2 to 23.8)25.5 (23.7 to 27.4)25.6 (24.3 to 26.8)
 ≥1021.3 (18.7 to 24.1)30.4 (28.3 to 32.5)12.8 (11.4 to 14.4)31.7 (29.3 to 34.2)23.6 (22.1 to 25.2)
Rural residence (vs urban or metropolitan)10.6 (8.9 to 12.5)9.5 (8.0 to 11.2)39.0 (36.3 to 41.7)18.1 (16.4 to 20.0)24.0 (22.2 to 25.8)0.00
Locality deprivation level
 Very low/low81.2 (78.3 to 83.8)85.8 (83.8 to 87.7)50.2 (47.0 to 53.4)72.8 (70.2 to 75.3)65.1 (62.5 to 67.6)0.00
 Middle9.7 (7.7 to 12.1)8.0 (6.4 to 9.8)13.8 (11.8 to 16.2)11.4 (9.5 to 13.8)11.7 (9.8 to 13.9)
 High/very high9.1 (7.3 to 11.3)6.2 (5.0 to 7.7)36.0 (32.8 to 39.3)15.7 (13.8 to 18.0)23.3 (21.0 to 25.7)
Ethnicity: Indigenous2.9 (2.2 to 3.9)3.5 (2.7 to 4.6)11.9 (10.0 to 14.1)6.2 (4.9 to 7.9)8.8 (7.4 to 10.3)0.00
Quintile of socioeconomic status
 1st8.3 (6.5 to 10.5)4.1 (3.3 to 5.1)24.5 (22.4 to 26.9)8.1 (7.0 to 9.4)16.7 (15.3 to 18.2)0.00
 2nd18.5 (15.9 to 21.5)10.9 (9.6 to 12.3)26.2 (24.3 to 28.2)11.8 (10.4 to 13.4)21.0 (19.4 to 22.6)
 3rd22.4 (19.4 to 25.7)19.3 (17.6 to 21.2)20.1 (18.3 to 22.0)15.7 (14.1 to 17.4)20.3 (18.9 to 21.8)
 4th26.3 (22.9 to 30.1)25.6 (23.4 to 27.9)16.8 (15.0 to 18.7)24.7 (22.3 to 27.1)19.4 (17.9 to 21.1)
 5th24.5 (21.1 to 28.2)40.1 (37.3 to 42.8)12.5 (10.7 to 14.5)39.8 (37.0 to 42.7)22.5 (20.7 to 24.5)
MI
 Social Security29.5 (26.6 to 32.7)94.3 (93.2 to 95.3)6.8 (5.7 to 8.1)39.1 (36.6 to 41.8)31.5 (29.7 to 33.3)0.00
 SSPH35.4 (32.1 to 38.8)3.0 (2.3 to 3.8)81.1 (79.3 to 82.9)25.6 (23.6 to 27.8)41.4 (39.6 to 43.1)
 Private insurance0.0 (0.0 to 0.2)0.1 (0.0 to 0.3)0.0 (0.0 to 1.7)1.0 (2.9 to 0.3)0.1 (0.5 to 0.0)
 No MI35.1 (31.6 to 38.7)2.6 (2.0 to 3.4)12.1 (10.7 to 13.6)33.5 (31.0 to 36.1)26.9 (25.6 to 28.3)
Type of health problem
 Acute health problems80.4 (77.7 to 83.0)58.5 (56.3 to 60.6)65.7 (63.7 to 67.7)71.0 (68.9 to 73.1)81.0 (79.7 to 82.3)0.00
 Chronic health problems14.1 (12.0 to 16.5)29.8 (27.7 to 32.0)24.3 (22.5 to 26.1)20.1 (18.4 to 22.0)10.2 (9.4 to 11.1)
 Other health problems5.5 (4.3 to 7.0)11.8 (10.4 to 13.3)10.0 (8.9 to 11.3)8.9 (7.8 to 10.1)8.8 (8.0 to 9.6)
Perception of severity of health problem
 Mild44.2 (41.1 to 47.4)37.1 (34.9 to 39.4)40.4 (38.3 to 42.5)36.2 (34.0 to 38.5)63.6 (61.9 to 65.2)0.00
 Moderate/severe55.8 (52.6 to 58.9)62.9 (60.6 to 65.1)59.6 (57.5 to 61.7)63.8 (61.5 to 66.0)36.4 (34.8 to 38.1)
  • Difference estimates performed considering the effect of the survey design.

  • *The variable of years of schooling was obtained directly from the interview data for participants 15 years of age and older, and for individuals younger than 15 years the mean of years of schooling of the household members was used.

  • DAPPs, doctors’ offices adjacent to private pharmacies; MI, medical insurance; SSPH, System for Social Protection of Health.