Table 2

Demographic characteristics and causes of death of opioid-dependent persons who died in prison, New South Wales, Australia, 2000–2012 (n=51)

CharacteristicN (%)
Male46 (90)
Age (years) at death, median (minimum–maximum)34 (20–54)
Indigenous14 (27)
In OST at time of death11 (22)
Deaths from natural causes*11 (26)
Unnatural deaths*32 (74)
 Suicide19 (44)
 Drug-related6 (14)
 Violent2 (5)
 Other injury-related5 (12)
  • *Cause of death unknown for eight decedents. Percentage is based on n=43.

  • OST, opioid substitution therapy.