Table 2

Crude and adjusted ORs of facility delivery from logistic regression with complex sampling analysis (n=4079)

Crude OR (95% CI)Adjusted OR (95% CI)p Value*
Need factors
Antenatal care visits<0.001
 011
 11.79 (1.03 to 3.10)1.30 (0.72 to 2.34)
 22.58 (1.62 to 4.10)1.75 (1.07 to 2.93)
 34.18 (2.69 to 6.50)2.21 (1.39 to 3.43)
 48.71 (5.40 to 14.05)4.13 (2.51 to 6.44)
 ≥517.89 (11.23 to 28.51)4.94 (3.14 to 7.76)
Birth preparedness†<0.001
 011
 12.68 (2.18 to 3.30)1.52 (1.19 to 1.88)
 ≥29.31 (5.71 to 15.17)3.41 (2.01 to 5.58)
Confounding factors
Women's age (years)0.083
 15–1911
 20–240.65 (0.49 to 0.86)0.65 (0.44 to 0.97)
 25–290.56 (0.42 to 0.75)0.69 (0.48 to 1.00)
 30–490.36 (0.26 to 0.49)0.80 (0.49 to 1.32)
Women's education0.216
 None11
 Primary1.91 (1.46 to 2.51)1.08 (0.82 to 1.42)
 Secondary5.35 (4.25 to 6.72)1.29 (0.97 to 1.71)
 Higher20.28 (12.22 to 33.65)1.67 (0.89 to 3.12)
Partner's education0.467
 None11
 Primary1.61 (1.17 to 2.21)0.94 (0.67 to 1.30)
 Secondary3.62 (2.63 to 4.98)0.95 (0.67 to 1.33)
 Higher11.19 (7.34 to 17.04)1.28 (0.78 to 2.09)
Parity<0.001
 111
 20.44 (0.35 to 0.54)0.44 (0.34 to 0.58)
 30.21 (0.16 to 0.28)0.39 (0.28 to 0.54)
 40.18 (0.13 to 0.25)0.42 (0.28 to 0.63)
 ≥50.08 (0.06 to 0.12)0.30 (0.19 to 0.49)
Wealth quintiles<0.001
 111
 22.14 (1.68 to 2.73)1.58 (1.19 to 2.11)
 33.73 (2.80 to 4.96)2.03 (1.44 to 2.86)
 47.25 (5.33 to 9.88)2.73 (1.90 to 3.94)
 524.17 (17.51 to 33.35)6.17 (3.94 to 9.67)
Ethnicity0.607
 Other11
 Upper caste1.56 (1.22 to 2.01)1.08 (0.81 to 1.42)
 Lower caste0.72 (0.57 to 0.92)1.16 (0.85 to 1.59)
Region0.244
 Mountain11
 Hill1.94 (1.28 to 2.95)1.28 (0.86 to 1.92)
 Terai2.78 (1.86 to 4.14)1.43 (0.94 to 2.19)
Residential location<0.001
 Rural11
 Urban5.19 (3.99 to 6.75)2.42 (1.83 to 3.19)
  • *From multivariable logistic regression model.

  • †Birth preparedness consists of four preparation activities (planning for a birth attendant, saving money, arrangement for transportation and identification of potential blood donator).