Table 3

Associations between recorded crime rates and self-reported perception of neighbourhood as unsafe among men and women in New Zealand (2010–2011)

Overall β (95% CI)Men β (95% CI)Women β (95% CI)Gender interaction p value
Total crime1.9 (1.2 to 2.5)1.4 (0.6 to 2.1)2.2 (1.4 to 3.1)0.15
Violent crime4.3 (3.1 to 5.4)4.0 (2.6 to 0.5)4.5 (3.0 to 5.9)0.89
Property crime5.4 (3.4 to 7.4)4.2 (1.9 to 6.4)6.5 (4.1 to 9.0)0.14
Dishonesty crime2.1 (0.6 to 3.5)0.7 (−0.7 to 2.2)3.2 (1.2 to 5.2)0.03
Drug and antisocial crime2.2 (0.9 to 3.4)1.9 (0.4 to 3.4)2.4 (0.8 to 3.9)0.85
Crime with a weapon12.9 (8.8 to 17.0)10.0 (5.0 to 15.1)15.7 (9.9 to 21.4)0.19
Crime occurring in the night3.0 (2.0 to 4.0)2.7 (1.6 to 3.9)3.2 (1.9 to 4.5)0.80
  • Rescaled coefficients and 95% CIs from linear probability models with cluster robust SEs are shown, and coefficients (which have been multiplied by 100) can be interpreted as in the expected increase in percentage of participants reporting their neighbourhood as unsafe per 1 unit increase in the category-specific crime rate; models controlled for age, ethnicity, place of birth, education, employment, income and smoking status; crime rates were added to separate models (not mutually adjusted); italic face is used to indicate statistical significance (p<0.05).