Table 1

Participant characteristics

RunnersControls
Sample size (n)4242
Women (n)2121
Age (years)46±1346±12
Height (inches)67±567±5
Weight (lbs)149±24*170±42
Meds (n)
 BP lowering15
 NSAIDs32
 Aspirin11
 Cholesterol lowering24
 Oral contraceptives52
Family history of CVD (n)1510
Race time (h:min)4:20±0:47
Running mileage40±16
Years run12±10
Marathons completed (n)16±30
Average vigorous exercise/day (h)2.0±1.1*0.6±0.6
Average moderate exercise/day (h)3.9±2.23.2±2.7
Block fruit (pts)18.7±4.216.8±4.5
Block meat (pts)11.5±5.413.1±5.8
  • *Significant difference between runners and controls (p<0.05).

  • BP, blood pressure; CVD, cardiovascular disease; NSAIDs, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.