Table 3

Prevalence and secular trends of abnormal blood lipid profiles among different weight status children between 1996 and 2006 in Taiwan

19962006
NPer cent*‡‡p Value†p Value‡NPer cent*‡‡p Value‡
Hypercholesterolaemia§
 Boys
  Normal weight224.760.0060.832359.670.352
  Overweight¶115.140.0102712.11
 Girls
  Normal weight397.62<0.0010.8847616.270.517
  Overweight¶127.270.0032818.54
Hypertriglyceridaemia**
 Boys
  Normal weight20.430.468<0.00130.83<0.001
  Overweight¶188.410.598229.87
 Girls
  Normal weight163.130.0930.74771.500.024
  Overweight¶63.640.65574.64
Low HDL-C dyslipidaemia††
 Boys
  Normal weight183.900.037<0.001267.18<0.001
  Overweight¶2612.150.0544218.83
 Girls
  Normal weight101.950.4100.01861.28<0.001
  Overweight¶95.450.192149.27
Dyslipidaemia*
 Boys
  Normal weight429.090.001<0.0016217.13<0.001
  Overweight¶4922.900.0107634.08
 Girls
  Normal weight6111.910.0050.3758618.420.005
  Overweight¶2414.550.0024429.14
  • *Dyslipidaemia is taken as serum cholesterol, TGs, HDL-C of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • †p Value when compared with 2006.

  • ‡p Value when compared with overweight (after Bonferroni correction: α level=0.05/8=0.00625).

  • §Hypercholesterolaemia is taken as cholesterol greater than or equal to the 90th centile of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • ¶Overweight (include obesity) is defined as the overweight and obese status criteria of children in Taiwan.

  • **Hypertriglyceridaemia is taken as serum triglyceride greater than or equal to the 95th centile of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • ††Low HDL dyslipidaemia is taken as serum HDL-C of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • ‡‡Age-adjusted prevalence.

  • HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HDL-C, HDL-cholesterol; TGs, triglycerides.