Table 2

Prevalence and secular trends of abnormal lipid profiles among children between year 1996 and 2006 in Taiwan

1996 (n=1353)2006 (n=1203)p Value*
NPer cent (95% CI)†NPer cent (95% CI)†
Hypercholesterolaemia‡846.21 (4.98 to 7.63)16613.8 (11.90 to 15.88)<0.001
 Boys334.88 (3.38 to 6.79)6210.6 (8.22 to 13.38)<0.001
 Girls517.53 (5.66 to 9.79)10416.83 (13.96 to 20.02)<0.001
Hypertriglyceridaemia§423.10 (2.25 to 4.17)393.24 (2.32 to 4.44)0.843
 Boys202.96 (1.82 to 4.53)254.27 (2.78 to 6.24)0.209
 Girls223.25 (2.05 to 4.88)142.27 (1.24 to 3.77)0.282
Low HDL dyslipidaemia†634.66 (3.60 to 5.92)887.32 (5.91 to 8.93)0.004
 Boys446.51 (4.77 to 8.64)6811.62 (9.14 to 14.50)0.002
 Girls192.81 (1.70 to 4.35)203.24 (1.99 to 4.95)0.651
Dyslipidaemia¶17613.01 (11.26 to 14.92)26822.28 (19.95 to 24.74)<0.001
 Boys9113.46 (10.98 to 16.27)13823.59 (20.20 to 27.24)<0.001
 Girls8512.56 (10.15 to 15.29)13021.04 (17.89 to 24.46)<0.001
  • *p Value when compared with 1996.

  • †Low HDL dyslipidaemia is taken as serum HDL-C of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • ‡Hypercholesterolaemia is taken as cholesterol greater than or equal to the 90th centile of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • §Hypertriglyceridaemia is taken as serum triglyceride greater than or equal to the 95th centile of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • ¶Dyslipidaemia is taken as serum cholesterol, TGs, HDL-C of age-specific, gender-specific and height-specific strata.

  • HDL, high-density lipoprotein; HDL-C, HDL-cholesterol; TGs, triglycerides.