Table 2

Cardiovascular risk factors

RunnersControls
Left cIMT (mm)0.60±0.090.62±0.11
Right cIMT (mm)0.60±0.110.59±0.10
SBP (mm Hg)130±18127±17
DBP (mm Hg)76±975±10
HR (bpm)57±11*69±12
BMI (kg/m2)24±4*27±5
Framingham Risk (pts)3±43±3
hsCRP0.6±0.5*1.6±1.9
Total-C (mg/dL)181±29188±32
Non-HDL-C (mg/dL)114±31*131±32
HDL-C (mg/dL)68±18*58±16
LDL-C (mg/dL)99±27110±28
Triglycerides (mg/dL)76±29*103±58
Central SBP (mm Hg)130±18127±17
Carotid AP (mm Hg)11±810±6
AI@HR75 (%)14±1120±11
  • *Significant difference between runners and controls (p<0.05).

  • AP, augmentation pressure; AI@HR75, augmentation index at heart rate 75 bpm; BMI, body mass index; C, cholesterol; cIMT, carotid intima-medial thickness; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HDL, high density lipoprotein; HR, heart rate; hsCRP, high sensitivity C reactive protein; LDL, low density lipoprotein; SBP, systolic blood pressure.