Table 1

Characteristics of a representative Australian sample of 4487 women (aged 20–69 years) free of heart disease, diabetes and stroke

VariablesSummary statistics
Age (years), n (%)
 20–29840 (18.7)
 30–391116 (24.9)
 40–491139 (25.4)
 50–59743 (16.6)
 ≥60649 (14.4)
 Australia3329 (76.5%)
 UK and Ireland416 (9.5%)
 Northern Europe180 (4.1%)
 Southern Europe234 (5.4%)
 Asia195 (4.5%)
Smoking status, n (%)
 Non-smoker2652 (59.1)
 Previous smoker880 (19.6)
 Current smoker955 (21.3)
SBP (mm Hg)122.1±18.4
DBP (mm Hg)75.7±10.8
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.5±1.2
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.5±0.4
Ratio of total cholesterol to HDL cholesterol3.9±1.3
BMI (kg/m2)24.8±4.7
WC (cm)76.2±11.1
HC (cm)100.1±10.0
BAI (%)30.6±5.4
  • BMI, body mass index; BAI, body adiposity index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; HC, hip circumference; HDL cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; SBP, systolic blood pressure WC, waist circumference; WHR, waist-to-hip ratio; WSR, waist-to-stature ratio.