Table 2

Clinical characteristics of children by RV status (N=331)

CharacteristicsRV positive (N*=95) n† (%‡)RV negative (N=236) n (%)p Value
Severity§ before hospitalisation
 Mild (<7)6 (6.3)27 (11.4)0.2300¶
 Moderate (7–10)28 (29.5)78 (33.1)
 Severe (≥11)61 (64.2)131 (55.5)
Symptoms before hospitalisation
 Diarrhoea95 (100.0)235 (99.6)1.0000**
 Vomiting81 (85.3)170 (72.0)0.0037**
 Fever44 (46.3)116 (49.2)0.8557¶
Classification of nutrition
 Overweight5 (5.3)8 (3.4)0.1981¶
 Adequate (normal)66 (69.5)152 (64.4)
 Moderately malnourished15 (15.8)32 (13.6)
 Severely malnourished9 (9.5)44 (18.6)
Outcome at discharge
 Recovered27 (28.4)40 (16.9)0.0145**
 Ongoing GE68 (71.6)184 (78.0)
 Transferred0 (0.0)4 (1.7)
 Died0 (0.0)8 (3.4)
  • One child was excluded from analysis as RV status was not determined.

  • Nutritional status was derived using the weight-for-age Z-scores (WAZ).

  • *Number of children.

  • †Number of children in a given category.

  • ‡n/N×100.

  • §Severity using the 20-point Vesikari Scale.

  • ¶χ2 p Value.

  • **Fisher's exact test p Value.

  • GE, gastroenteritis; RV, rotavirus.