Table 3

Test positivity for different high-risk groups per STI, in the Dutch sentinel GP network, 2008–2011

Chlamydia (%)OR95% CIAORGonorrhoea (%)OR95% CIAORHIV (%)OR95% CIAORSyphilis (%)OR95% CIAOR
Heterosexual men21.6Ref6.3Ref0.5Ref4.4Ref
MSM22.21.0(0.4 to 2.6)25.04.9**(1.9 to 12.6)9.1**28.688.4**(10 to 782)91.7**33.310.8**(3.2 to 360)10.1**
Female20.30.9(0.7 to 1.2)1.80.3*(0.1 to 0.5)0.00.00.00.40.1*(0.01 to 0.8)0.1*
<25 years26.2Ref5.0Ref0.5Ref0.0Ref
≥25 years16.60.6**(0.4 to 0.7)0.6**3.20.6(0.4 to 1.1)1.73.3(0.4 to 27.7)5.7
Dutch origin20.4Ref3.0Ref1.6Ref3.7Ref
Surinamese/Antillean22.11.1(0.6 to 2.0)14.55.6**(2.5 to 12.4)0.05.31.4(0.2 to 11.6)
Turkish/Moroccan24.31.3(0.7 to 2.2)7.22.6(1.0 to 6.8)0.04.51.2(0.2 to 9.9)
Other non-Western ethnicity23.01.2(0.7 to 2.0)6.02.1(0.8 to 5.6)0.00.0
Incidental contacts21.2Ref2.2Ref0.4Ref1.6Ref
Steady relationship20.61.0(0.7 to 1.3)5.62.6*(1.4 to 5.1)2.04.9(0.6 to 40.8)5.23.5(1.0 to 12.4)
Symptoms†29.62.4**(1.9 to 3.1)2.8**8.511.1**(4.7 to 26.3)4.08.5*(1.6 to 44.4)7.5*7.84.3*(1.5 to 12.2)3.3*
Notified‡40.73.0**(2.1 to 4.4)4.3**6.11.7(0.8 to 3.6)1.71.4(0.2 to 11.5)5.81.8(0.5 to 6.8)
Periodic check-up§8.50.3**(0.2 to 0.5)0.60.40.1*(0.01 to 0.6)0.00.90.2(0.02 to 1.4)
Fear of STI¶6.90.3*(0.1 to 0.7)0.40.00.00.0
  • *p<0.05; **p<0.001; –, no significant difference found.

  • †In comparison to no symptoms.

  • ‡In comparison to not notified.

  • §In comparison to no periodic check-up.

  • ¶In comparison to no fear of STI.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; GP, general practitioner; MSM, men who have sex with men; STI, sexually transmitted infection.