Table 2

Characteristics of participants

 All (n=199)Parent-led feeding (n=140)Self-identified BLW (n=42)Adherent BLW (n=17)p Value*
n (%)n (%)n (%)
Maternal age at child's birth (years)0.005
 <201311 (8.2)1 (2.4)1 (6.25)
 20–294928 (20.0)17 (40.5)4 (23.5)
 30–3910371 (50.7)24 (57.1)8 (47.1)
 40–492824 (17.1)04 (23.5)
 Missing6600
Infant age (months)0.194
 6–75236 (25.7)13 (30.9)3 (17.6)
 7–82318 (12.9)2 (4.8)3 (17.6)
 8–93427 (19.3)5 (11.9)2 (11.8)
 9–103118 (12.9)12 (28.6)1 (5.9)
 10–112919 (13.6)5 (11.9)5 (29.4)
 11–123022 (15.7)5 (11.9)3 (17.6)
 Missing0000
Maternal education0.572
 Year 11 or below†63 (2.1)3 (7.1)0
 Year 12 or 13‡5539 (27.9)11 (26.2)5 (29.4)
 Postsecondary school3427 (19.3)5 (11.9)2 (11.8)
 University degree or higher9865 (46.4)23 (54.8)10 (58.8)
 Missing6600
Ethnicity0.966
 NZ European12178 (55.7)32 (76.2)11 (64.7)
 NZ Māori128 (5.7)4 (9.5)0
 Samoan22 (1.4)00
 Indian44 (2.9)00
 Chinese21 (0.7)01 (5.9)
 English86 (4.3)2 (4.8)0
 Other106 (4.3)3 (7.1)1 (5.9)
 Missing40351 4
Parity0.240
 Primiparous8966 (47.1)14 (33.3)9 (52.9)
 Multiparous11074 (52.9)28 (66.7)8 (47.1)
 Missing0000
Household composition0.271
 Mother and father160115 (82.1)30 (71.4)15 (88.2)
 Single parent2317 (12.1)6 (14.3)0
 Missing16862
Residing region0.001
 Auckland7861 (43.6)17 (43.6)0
 Wellington4228 (20.0)12 (28.6)2 (11.8)
 Christchurch2917 (12.1)4 (9.5)8 (47.1)
 Dunedin3121 (15.0)5 (11.9)5 (29.4)
 Other87 (5.0)1 (2.4)0
 Missing11632
Maternal employment status0.119
 Currently in paid employment4425 (18.7)15 (35.7)4 (23.5)
 Not in paid employment8962 (46.3)21 (50.0)6 (35.3)
 On parental leave, returning to paid employment4032 (23.9)5 (11.9)3 (17.6)
 On parental leave, not returning to paid employment1815 (11.2)1 (2.4)2 (11.8)
 Missing8602
  • *p Value compares feeding methods, bold indicates significance.

  • †Year 11 is usually at age 15–16 years.

  • ‡Years 12 and 13 are usually at ages 16–18 years.

  • BLW, baby-led weaning; NZ, New Zealand.