Table 1

Overview of data collected in the survey

Survey sectionData collected
Section 1: Starting complementary foodsTiming and type of complementary food
Participants were asked: Age (months) when the infant first had complementary food, main reason(s) for starting food at this age, the type of food given, form the food was in (puréed, mashed, whole), whether the food was homemade or commercially prepared.
Mealtimes and eating patterns*
Participants were asked: Frequency with which they ate with the infant (could have been different foods but baby ate at the same time), frequency infant ate family foods (could have been at a different time but they ate the same food that the rest of the family ate).
Gagging and choking
Many parents confuse gagging with choking or find it hard to differentiate between the two.13 We provided a written description before asking about gagging and choking.
Participants were asked: If the child had ever gagged or choked and if so, how often, the form (purée, mashed, whole) of food that was involved, child's age when choked.
Section 2: BLWParticipants were asked: Had they tried BLW, the extent to which they had followed BLW, whether they would recommend the method to other parents.
The participants who reported not having tried BLW were directed to questions asking their opinion of BLW based on a brief description (box 1) and short ‘introduction to BLW’ video, which was embedded in the survey. They were asked whether they would try BLW if they had another child and to provide reasons why they would or would not try it.
Section 3: Attitudes towards, and experiences of, feeding the infantParticipants were asked about their satisfaction with their choice of infant feeding method for the current infant, whether they would consider changing the feeding methods if they had another child, reasons for liking or disliking the method of feeding used.
Section 4: Demographic informationParticipants were asked about age, sex, ethnicity, education, household, number of other children, employment status and region of New Zealand they lived in.
  • *To obtain data for all infants at 6–7 months of age, parents were asked to answer questions relating to current age and also when the child was 6–7 months of age. Parents whose child was currently 6–7 months of age only completed this section once and then skipped to the following section.

  • BLW, baby-led weaning.