Table 1

Demographics and associated risk factors among latex exposed and unexposed healthcare workers at King Edward VIII Hospital, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa (n=501)

CharacteristicExposed N (%)Unexposed N (%)
Number of participants337 (67.3)164 (32.7)
Demographics
Age (years)
 ≤3030 (8.9)19 (11.6)
 >30–40121 (35.9)40 (24.4)
 >40–50101 (29.9)59 (35.9)
 >5085 (25.2)46 (28.1)
Duration of employment (years)
 ≤539 (11.6)28 (17.1)
 >5–10**135 (40.1)32 (19.5)
 >10–1549 (14.5)17 (10.4)
 >15–2024 (7.1)20 (12.2)
 >20*90 (26.7)67 (40.9)
Sex**
 Female309 (91.7)95 (57.9)
 Male28 (8.3)69 (42.1)
Job Title (yes)
 Administrative123 (36.5)164 (100.0)
 Professional nurses141 (41.8)
Enrolled nurses
 Enrolled nursing assistants73 (21.7)
Medical and personal history
 Personal history of allergy disease (yes)147 (43.6)83 (50.6)
 Family history of allergy disease (yes)197 (58.5)102 (62.2)
 Fruit allergy (yes)29 (8.6)9 (5.5)
 Previous open surgery (yes)*168 (49.8)61 (37.2)
 Work-related allergy symptoms(yes)*138 (40.9)52 (31.7)
 Non-occupational latex exposure (yes)161 (47.8)76 (46.3)
 Latex sensitisation (yes)24 (7.1)5 (3.1)
 Current latex allergy (yes)*20 (5.9)3 (1.8)
  • χ2, *p<0.05, **p<0.001.