Table 2

Prevalence of perinatal outcomes among singleton births from 2002 to 2010 in Finland according to postpartum depression and history of depression

No postpartum depression, n/data available (%)No postpartum depression, n/data available (%)Postpartum depression, n/data available (%)Postpartum depression, n/data available (%)p Value*
History of depressionNoYesNoYes
Admission to a neonatal intensive care unit48 450/492 605 (9.8)2372/17 894 (13.3)80/431 (18.6)187/1007 (18.6)≤0.001
Stillbirth1514/492 606 (0.3)67/17 894 (0.4)5/431 (1.2)8/1007 (0.8)≤0.001
Early neonatal death656/492 606 (0.1)28/17 894 (0.2)3/431 (0.7)2/1007 (0.2)0.01
Preterm birth (delivery weeks <37)22 052/491 089 (4.5)1045/17 826 (5.9)51/535 (12.0)65/1004 (6.5)≤0.001
Low birthweight (<2500 g)16 109/492 095 (3.3)763/17 871 (4.3)40/429 (9.3)51/1006 (5.1)≤0.001
Small for gestational age (<−2SD)18 162/490 771 (3.7)814/17 815 (4.7)27/422 (6.4)54/1004 (5.4)≤0.001
Low Apgar score (<7 at 5 min)†6970/326 860 (2.1)384/13 275 (2.9)14/299 (4.7)46/770 (6.0)≤0.001
Fetal venous pH <7.15 at birth‡4707/127 320 (3.7)190/5703 (3.3)5/129 (3.9)16/335 (4.8)0.36
Major congenital anomaly19 491/492 606 (4.0)945/17 894 (5.3)33/431 (7.7)62/1007 (7.7)≤0.001
Caesarean section78 091/492 606 (15.9)3133/17 894 (17.5)107/431 (24.8)230/1007 (22.8)≤0.001
  • 2 test.

  • †In registry since 2004.

  • ‡Determined by indication, in registry since 2004.