Table 2

The effect of famine exposure on coronary artery calcification as reflected by Agatston score

Famine exposureAgatston score (n, %)CrudeModel 1Model 2
<100, n=204>100, n=78OR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp ValueOR95% CIp Value
All ages
 Unexposed104 (51.0)33 (42.3)RefRefRefRefRefRef
 Moderate72 (35.3)29 (37.2)1.270.71 to 2.270.421.080.58 to 1.990.811.000.53 to 1.920.99
 Severe28 (13.7)16 (20.5)1.800.87 to 3.780.111.630.76 to 3.460.211.740.79 to 3.840.17
P for trend0.110.260.24
Age 0–9 years
 Unexposed78 (51.3)18 (48.6)RefRefRefRefRefRef
 Moderate51 (33.6)13 (35.1)1.110.50 to 2.450.811.080.48 to 2.400.860.920.39 to 2.180.84
 Severe23 (15.1)6 (16.2)1.130.40 to 3.180.821.060.37 to 3.020.921.220.40 to 3.700.17
P for trend0.780.880.24
Age 10–17 years
 Unexposed26 (50.0)15 (36.6)RefRefRefRefRefRef
 Moderate21 (40.4)16 (39.0)1.320.53 to 3.280.551.070.41 to 2.800.891.000.53 to 1.920.99
 Severe5 (9.6)10 (24.4)3.471.00 to 12.070.053.651.01 to 13.310.044.621.16 to 18.430.03
P for trend0.070.090.06
  • Model 1: adjusted for age and pack-years smoked.

  • Model 2: adjusted for age, pack-years smoked, BMI, glucose, triglyceride, waist-to-hip ratio, systolic BP, cholesterol-to-HDL ratio.

  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; ref, reference category.