Table 2

Neurological patient groups: general demographics and fall risk

DiagnosisAgeBarthelTotal (n)Falls (n (%))Multiple falls* (n (%))Fall frequency† (in fallers)Risk of falling
ORCIp Value
Stroke82.7±2.399.762623 (89)7 (30)1.39±0.7240.1(11.3 to 141.7)0.000
Parkinson's disease74.8±8.199.794736 (77)11 (31)1.58±1.1317.1(7.9 to 37.2)0.000
Dementia77.5±9.299.7773 (60)1 (33)1.33±0.587.8(1.3 to 48.9)0.01
Epilepsy71.0±8.299.7874 (57)1 (25)1.25±0.57.0(1.5 to 32.7)0.005
Other medical disease74.3±7.9100148 (57)1 (13)1.23±0.827.0(2.3 to 21.5)0.000
Other vascular disease74.8±8.199.792514 (56)4 (29)1.29±0.476.7(2.8 to 16.0)0.000
PNP71.0±8.199.785832 (55)13 (43)1.63±0.986.4(3.4 to 12.3)0.000
Vertebral pain76.8±9.199.754823 (48)7 (30)1.39±0.724.8(2.4 to 9.5)0.000
Visual disturbance69.5±0.799.77104 (40)0 (0)1±03.5(0.9 to 13.1)0.051
Vertigo72.0±8.199.753012 (40)3 (25)1.25±0.453.5(1.5 to 8.0)0.002
Peripheral nerve lesions66.0±8.199.79187 (39)3 (43)1.57±0.793.3(1.2 to 9.2)0.016
Tinnitus74.3±8.499.76309 (30)2 (22)1.22±0.442.2(0.9 to 5.3)0.064
Headache74.8±8.199.79144 (29)0 (0)1.0±0.02.1(0.6 to 7.1)0.228
Other79.4±7.199.743414 (41)4 (29)1.29±0.473.7(1.7 to 8.0)0.001
  • *Multiple falls were defined as more than two falls per year (ie, a fall frequency index ≥2).

  • †Fall frequency index: category I=1–2 falls in the last 12 months, category II=3–5 falls in the last 12 months, category III=6–10 falls in the last 12 months, category IV=11–20 falls in the last 12 months, and category V=more than 20 falls in the last 12 months.