Table 1

Neurological patients and healthy controls: general demographics and fall frequency

 TotalMatched pairs
Patients (n=228)Healthy (n=193)p ValuePatients (n=171)Healthy (n=171)p Value
Total
 Age74.5±7.871.4±6.80.00072.2±7.072.0±6.90.839
 Gender (f in %)61%63%0.57259%59%1.000
 Region (residential index: mean)2.532.210.0212.662.220.004
 Disability (Barthel index: mean)98.2098.24
 Balance (ABC-score: mean)73.1983.39
 Depression (ADS-K-score: mean)7.26.9
Fallers
 Falls (n (%))46.5%16.1%0.00042.1%16.9%0.000
 Multiple falls (>2 falls) (n (%))28.3%22.6%0.52826.4%24.1%0.815
 Fall frequency index (in fallers)1.42±0.81.23±040.0781.44±0.91.24±040.14
  • ABC, Activities-specific Balance Confidence Scale; ADS-K, Allgemeine Depressionsskala Kurzform.