Table 2

Standardised mortality ratios for the 1988–2008 time period

Cause of deathObservedExpectedSMR95% CI*
All deaths407478.10.850.77 to 0.94
Coronary heart disease104123.70.840.69 to 1.02
Respiratory disease (not COPD)1229.80.400.21 to 0.70
COPD1823.20.780.46 to 1.23
Infectious disease (excluding AIDS)34.00.750.15 to 2.22
Accidents and suicide2731.90.850.56 to 1.23
 Accidents1120.80.530.26 to 0.95
 Suicide1611.21.430.82 to 2.33
All cancer deaths159173.50.920.78 to 1.07
All other causes of death8492.00.910.73 to 1.13
Select cancer sites
Prostate cancer1312.61.030.55 to 1.76
Lung cancer5043.61.150.85 to 1.51
Stomach97.11.270.58 to 2.42
Pancreas57.50.670.22 to 1.56
Colorectal cancer2019.21.040.64 to 1.61
Head and neck* to 3.93
Oral cavity, pharynx and larynx† to 3.81
Larynx21.02.000.23 to 7.39
Melanoma47.20.560.15 to 1.42
Multiple myeloma53.21.580.51 to 3.69
Hodgkin disease10.42.300.03 to 12.8
NHL37.00.430.09 to 1.25
All leukaemia45.60.710.19 to 1.83
 Non-lymphoid leukaemia33.80.780.16 to 2.28
 Lymphoid leukaemia11.80.570.01 to 3.16
All other cancers‡3454.90.620.43 to 0.87
  • COPD, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease;NHL, non-Hodgkin lymphoma; SMR, standardised mortality ratios.

  • *Excludes cancer of the larynx or oesophagus.

  • †Head and neck without cancer of the lip, sinus cavities or salivary glands, but includes cancer of the larynx.

  • ‡All cancer except; lung, prostate, stomach, pancreas, colon and rectum, oral cavity, pharynx, larynx, melanoma, multiple myeloma, Hodgkin disease, non-Hodgkin lymphoma, and all leukaemia.