Table 2

Logistic regression with past 12-month CAM usage

VariablesAny CAM use, OR (95% CI); p value
Unadjusted†Adjusted‡
Age1.00 (0.99;1.01); p=0.881.00 (0.98;1.01); p=0.70
Gender
 MaleReferenceReference
 Female1.76 (1.17;2.65); p=0.007*1.66 (1.09;2.52); p=0.019*
Household income
 <$60000ReferenceReference
 ≥$600000.73 (0.49;1.09); p=0.130.80 (0.52;1.23); p=0.31
Education
 Less than postsecondary educationReferenceReference
 Postsecondary education1.06 (0.69;1.63); p=0.791.07 (0.68;1.69); p=0.77
Ethnicity
 CaucasianReferenceReference
 Asian1.29 (0.76;2.18); p=0.351.31 (0.76;2.28); p=0.32
 Other1.19 (0.48; 2.99); p=0.711.14 (0.44;2.96); p=0.78
Asthma control level
 ControlledReferenceReference
 Partially controlled1.23 (0.71;2.12); p=0.461.26 (0.72;2.19); p=0.42
 Uncontrolled2.42 (1.43; 4.11); p=0.001*2.25 (1.30;3.89); p=0.004*
Intake of controller medication
 LowReferenceReference
 Moderate1.51 (0.87;2.61); p=0.141.22 (0.69;2.16); p=0.49
 High1.36 (0.91; 2.04); p=0.141.10 (0.71;1.71); p=0.67
  • *Significant at 0.05 level.

  • †Univariate logistic regression.

  • ‡Multivariate logistic regression.

  • CAM, complementary and alternative medicine.