Table 2

Mortality in the NNIPS-4 morbidity substudy and the VASIN study by intervention arm

Study armNumber of children observedObservation time (years)DeathsMortality rate (per year)ALRI deaths*Diarrhoea deaths*
NNIPS-4
 Iron 576366.2 40.0109 0 0
 Placebo20341363.8150.011025
VASIN
 Placebo57131860.3840.04521918
 Vitamin A56941859.9670.03602211
  • *Assigned primary cause of death by verbal autopsy.

  • ALRI,acute lower respiratory infection; NNIPS-4, Nepal Nutrition Intervention Project—Sarlahi-4; VASIN, Vitamin A Supplementation in Newborns Study.