Table 2

Individual CVD risk factor data by location

NWAHS mean (SE, N)GGT RFS mean (SE, N)p Value
Mean systolic blood pressure (mmHg)123.37 (0.31, 2639)126.00 (0.48, 1419)<0.001
 Men126.71 (0.43, 1302)128.60 (0.64, 700)0.014
 Women120.12 (0.44, 1337)123.47 (0.69, 719)<0.001
Mean diastolic blood pressure (mm Hg)80.55 (0.20, 2639)76.06 (0.29, 1418)<0.001
 Men83.80 (0.26, 1302)79.27 (0.40, 700)<0.001
 Women77.39 (0.26, 1337)72.93 (0.39, 718)<0.001
Total cholesterol (mmol/L)5.37 (0.02, 2647)5.37 (0.03, 1377)0.903
 Men5.38 (0.03, 1299)5.39 (0.04, 680)0.887
 Women5.36 (0.03, 1348)5.34 (0.04, 697)0.742
LDL cholesterol (mmol/L)3.26 (0.02, 2554)3.22 (0.03, 1353)0.171
 Men3.31 (0.03, 1221)3.30 (0.04, 658)0.852
 Women3.22 (0.02, 1333)3.14 (0.04, 694)0.071
HDL cholesterol (mmol/L)1.43 (0.01, 2647)1.46 (0.01, 1377)0.003
 Men1.28 (0.01, 1299)1.33 (0.01, 680)0.001
 Women1.56 (0.01, 1348)1.59 (0.01, 697)0.148
Total-C/HDL-C ratio3.97 (0.02, 2647)3.93 (0.04, 1377)0.328
 Men4.38 (0.03, 1299)4.31 (0.06, 680)0.298
 Women3.58 (0.03, 1348)3.56 (0.04, 697)0.657
LDL-C/HDL-C ratio2.40 (0.02, 2554)2.37 (0.03, 1353)0.388
 Men2.66 (0.02, 1221)2.63 (0.04, 658)0.585
 Women2.16 (0.02, 1333)2.13 (0.03, 694)0.351
Total triglycerides (mmol/L)1.55 (0.03, 2647)1.48 (0.03, 1322)0.065*
 Men1.83 (0.05, 1299)1.64 (0.04, 650)0.262*
 Women1.28 (0.03, 1348)1.33 (0.03, 673)<0.001*
BMI (kg/m2)28.30 (0.11, 2658)28.00 (0.15, 1413)0.089
 Men28.51 (0.14, 1308)28.05 (0.18, 699)0.043
 Women28.09 (0.17, 1349)27.92 (0.23, 714)0.545
Waist circumference (cm)
 Men99.77 (0.38, 1302)97.85 (0.48, 695)0.002
 Women87.71 (0.39, 1337)88.07 (0.55, 714)0.587
%,   95% CI     (n)%,   95% CI    (n)
Current smokers21.35,  19.83 to 22.95  (2642)17.79,  15.88 to 19.88  (1405)0.028
 Men22.75,  20.55 to 25.11  (1301)20.26,  17.44 to 23.41  (696)0.302
 Women19.99,  17.93 to 22.21  (1341)15.37,  12.90 to 18.22  (709)0.032
Known diabetes or Impaired Glucose Tolerance7.72,   6.76 to 8.80    (2656)5.84,   4.73 to 7.18    (1422)0.037
 Men8.34,   6.96 to 9.97    (1307)5.14,   3.72 to 7.06    (700)0.014
 Women7.19,   5.92 to 8.69    (1350)6.38,   4.80 to 8.42    (721)0.520
  • The weighting of the data can result in rounding discrepancies or totals not adding.

  • *p Values based on log of the variable in order to address right skewedness of data.

  • Bold indicates significant p values.

  • BMI, body mass index; CVD, cardiovascular disease; GGT RFS, Greater Green Triangle Risk Factor Study; HDL, high-density lipoprotein; IGT, impaired glucose tolerance; LDL, low-density lipoprotein;NWAHS, North West Adelaide Health Study.