Table 1

History of psychological premorbidity among suicide-bereaved and non-bereaved parents

Psychological morbidity with first appearance more than 10 years earlierSuicide-bereaved Number/total number (%)Non-bereaved Number/total number (%)Relative risks (CI 95%)
Psychological problems*,†71/659 (11)38/373 (10)1.0 (0.7 to 1.5)
Psychiatric diagnosis†,‡45/651 (7)18/373 (5)1.4 (0.8 to 2.4)
Medication against anxiety†,§52/657 (8)24/377 (6)1.2 (0.8 to 2.0)
Medication against low mood †,¶61/655 (9)23/373 (6)1.5 (1.0** to 2.4)
Any of the above††94/663 (14)51/377 (14)1.0 (0.8 to 1.4)
  • *Have you ever received treatment for psychological problems such as depression, anxiety, psychosis or personality disorder? (treatment was defined as treatment prescribed by a physician, eg, medication, electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) or conversational therapy). If yes, when did you receive your first treatment?

  • †The answer categories were ‘more than 10 years earlier’ and ‘during the last 10 years’ for the non-bereaved and ‘more than 10 years earlier’, ‘during the last 10 years, before my child's death’ and ‘during the last 10 years, after my child's death’ for the bereaved.

  • ‡Have you ever been given a psychiatric diagnosis, for example, depression, panic disorder, psychosis or personality disorder? If yes, when were you given your first diagnosis?

  • §Have you during a period of your life medicated against anxiety? If yes, when did you take your first medication?

  • ¶Have you during a period of your life medicated against low mood or depression? If yes, when did you take your first medication?

  • **The exact confidence limit is 0.95.

  • ††Referred to as with premorbidity in table 3.