Table 1

Participants’ characteristics

CharacteristicsFocus group (N=81)Survey (N=1110)
Gender
 Male33; 41%504; 45%
 Female48; 59%606; 55%
Age (years)
 18–2413; 16%135; 12%
 25–3418; 22%184; 17%
 35–4419; 23%198; 18%
 45–5410; 12%184; 17%
 55–6416; 20%176; 16%
 65+5; 6%233; 21%
Socioeconomic groups
 A9; 11%41; 4%
 B22; 27%215; 19%
 C124; 30%311; 28%
 C214; 17%233; 21%
 D6; 7%145; 13%
 E6; 7%165; 15%
Regions
 East of England7; 7%92; 8%
 East Midlands57; 5%
 London18; 22%213; 19%
 North East40; 4%
 North West121; 11%
 Northern Ireland30; 3%
 Scotland14; 17%76; 7%
 South East14; 17%165; 15%
 South West81; 7%
 Wales51; 5%
 West Midlands14; 17%94; 8%
 Yorkshire/Humberlands14; 17%90; 8%
Ethnicity
 White or White British54; 67%1057; 95%
 Mixed race1; 1%7; 1%
 Asian or Asian British10; 12%18; 2%
 Black or Black British9; 11%19; 2%
 Chinese or Chinese British7; 9%2; 0%
 Other ethnic groups0; 0%4; 0%
 Prefer not to say0; 0%3; 0%
Religions
 Christianity677; 61%
 Islam13; 1%
 Hinduism6; 1%
 Sikhism0; 0%
 Judaism6; 1%
 Buddhism11; 1%
 Other religions15; 1%
 No religion370; 33%
 Prefer not to say12; 1%
Religiosity
 Not at all religious234; 32%
 Moderately religious422; 58%
 Very religious64; 9%
 Prefer not to say8; 1%
Education
 No formal qualification15; 19%70; 6%
 GCSE, O-level, Scottish Standard Grade or equivalent19; 23%264; 24%
 GCE, A-level, Scottish Higher or similar17; 21%214; 19%
 Vocational (BTEC/NVQ/Diploma)230; 21%
 Degree level or above30; 37%317; 29%
 Prefer not to say15; 1%
Self-reported knowledge of medical research process
 No knowledge463; 42%
 Some knowledge603; 54%
 Good knowledge44; 4%
Have you been affected by a disability or illness?
 Yes399; 36%
 No711; 64%
Has a close family member been affected by a disability or illness?
 Yes767; 69%
 No343; 31%
Have you had blood or tissue removed during a medical procedure?
 Yes446; 40%
 No553; 50%
 Don't know111; 10%
Have you ever been asked to donate blood or tissue for medical research?
 Yes182; 16%
 No904; 81%
 Don't know24; 2%
If so, did you agree to donate?
 Yes155; 85%
 No23; 13%
 Don't know4; 2%