Table 2

Description of physical activity (PA) measures; adjusted(*) median and IQR, unless otherwise stated (N=6497)

NOverall activity (counts/min)Sedentary (hours/day)Moderate and vigorous (min/day)Steps/dayPercentage of children meeting recommended PA (SE(†))
All children6497595
507, 697
6.4
5.9, 6.9
60.1
47.1, 76.2
10 229
8777, 11 775
50.8
(0.009)
Child's gender
 Male3176630a (§)
541, 757
6.4a
5.9, 6.9
67.1a
53.9, 83.7
10739a
9213, 12 499
63.3a
(0.012)
 Female3321561a
481, 656
6.5a
6.0, 7.2
54.4a
44.4, 67.1
9699a
8389, 11 063
37.8a
(0.011)
Child's ethnicity(‡)
 White5710597a
512, 701
6.5a,b
6.0, 7.1
60.2a
47.8, 75.9
10343a–f
8926, 11 940
51.4
(0.010)
 Mixed168572b
505, 643
6.8a
6.3, 7.3
62.2b
49.9, 66.7
10071a,g–i
8553, 11 167
51.5
(0.040)
 Indian139511a–e
437, 680
6.9b–f
6.4, 7.4
52.6a–d
40.9, 66.7
8699b,g
7477, 9667
40.0
(0.049)
 Pakistani177563c
484, 680
6.4c
5.9, 7.0
58.2
46.4, 74.8
9419c,h
7906, 11 120
45.2
(0.058)
 Bangladeshi70538
450, 639
6.5d
6.0, 7.0
52.9
42.1, 70.6
8894d,i
6889, 10 013
32.8
(0.087)
 Black142598d
517, 737
6.5e
6.0, 7.0
63.1c
52.6, 86.3
9468d
7878, 10 857
52.0
(0.054)
 Other90581e
476, 650
6.5f
6.1, 7.7
58.2
45.8, 74.1
9814f
8270, 10 798
11 710 440
53.9
(0.081)
Maternal current or most recent occupation by child age 7
 Managerial and professional occupations2190585
502, 690
6.6a
6.0, 7.1
59.4
46.8, 74.6
10 135
8685, 11 662
48.8a
(0.013)
 Intermediate occupations1202597
511, 697
6.5b
6.1, 7.0
58.39.2
47.8, 75.8
10 239
8843, 11 722
48.7b
(0.017)
 Small employers and own account workers442596
516, 671
6.6
6.1, 7.0
60.5c
48.3, 73.6
10 237
8901, 11 598
48.6c
(0.031)
 Lower supervisory and technical occupations288598
505, 675
6.6c
6.1, 7.0
60.5
48.3, 73.6
10 152
8596, 11 710
51.0
(0.033)
 Semiroutine and routine occupations1865597
508, 710
6.5d
5.9, 7.0
61.5
47.3, 77.2
10 380
8891, 12 127
52.3
(0.015)
 Never worked and long-term unemployed268603
529,, 607
6.3a–d
5.9, 6.9
62.2
49.1, 77.0
10 116
8702, 11 017
59.7a–c
(0.040)
Lone parenthood status
 No5536589a
504, 693
6.54a
6.0, 7.1
59.6a
47.1, 75.0
10127a
8683, 11 703
49.7a
(0.010)
 Yes961606a
521, 712
6.48a
5.9, 7.0
63.0a
50.3, 78.2
10471a
9026, 12 242
54.7a
(0.021)
No. of children in the household
 Only child726594
510, 679
6.6a
6.1, 7.1
61.9
48.0, 74.9
10 259
8920, 11 950
51.9
(0.023)
 At least one other child5771593
507, 697
6.5a
6.0, 7.0
60.0
47.5, 75.9
10 222
8761, 11 762
50.7
(0.009)
Country
 England4204589a,b
504, 692
6.6a,b
6.0, 7.1
60.6a
46.9, 75.3
10147a,b
8743, 11 763
50.9a
(0.011)
 Wales898606a
509, 711
6.5a
5.9, 7.0
61.6b
47.0, 77.8
10357a,c
8931, 11 922
51.7b
(0.021)
 Scotland761615b,c
578, 715
6.4b,c
5.9, 6.9
61.8c
50.5, 78.1
10521b,d
9022, 12 027
52.5c
(0.024)
 Northern Ireland634586c
486, 617
6.6c
6.0, 7.1
57.6a–c
45.5, 73.4
9895c,d
8031, 11 351
43.4a–c
(0.021)
  • (*) Medians and IQR adjusted by seasons of measurement.

  • (†) The prevalences of children meeting the recommended MVPA guidelines are adjusted for gender, ethnicity, maternal current or most recent occupation, lone parenthood status, number of children in the household, country of residence and season of measurement.

  • (‡) This variable was based on a derived variable from the 2001 Census ethnicity categories indicating the ethnic identity of the children in the MCS data. Aggregate groupings were imposed on these categories to create a smaller manageable number of categories. The names of the groups were also adjusted for reporting. The final ethnic groups were: White (including White-British, White-Irish, White-Welsh, White-Scottish and other white background); Mixed; Indian; Pakistani; Bangladeshi; Black (including Black-Caribbean, Black-African and Black-British) and other (including other Asian, other Black, Chinese and other).

  • (§) As there are many multiple comparisons among levels of factors included in the models, this table does not show any p values and only indicates those pairwise differences which were significantly different after applying the Benjamini-Hochberg correction for false discovery rate. We used superindices (a–i) to indicate pairs of groups within a factor that differed significantly pairwise (p<0.05). For example, medians of minutes of overall activity significantly differed pairwise between England and Wales (a), England and Scotland (b), and Scotland and Northern Ireland (c).