Table 3

ORs of being in the uppermost level of mental component score according to Mediterranean diet adherence or other dietary patterns

Mental component scoreMental component scoreMental component score
OR(95%CI)OR(95%CI)
OR(95%CI)P for trendFurther adjusted for FACP for trendFurther adjusted for FibresP for trend
Medscore
 Low (0–2)-1-(Referent)0.001-1-(Referent)0.81-1-(Referent)0.45
 Low-medium (3–4)1.18(1.02 to 1.37)1.10(0.95 to 1.28)1.11(0.96 to 1.29)
 Medium-high (5–6)1.20(1.04 to 1.40)1.03(0.88 to 1.21)1.06(0.91 to 1.25)
 High (7–9)1.42(1.17 to 1.73)1.11(0.90 to 1.37)1.16(0.93 to 1.44)
Italian Mediterranean index
 Low (0–2)-1-(Referent)<0.0001-1-(Referent)0.14-1-(Referent)0.006
 Low-medium (3)1.13(1.00 to 1.28)1.06(0.94 to 1.20)1.09(0.97 to 1.24)
 Medium-high (4)1.26(1.11 to 1.43)1.12(0.97 to 1.29)1.18(1.03 to 1.35)
 High (≥5)1.34(1.18 to 1.52)1.10(0.94 to 1.27)1.19(1.03 to 1.37)
Olive oil and vegetables pattern
 Low-1-(Referent)<0.0001-1-(Referent)0.002-1-(Referent)<0.0001
 Low-medium1.24(1.09 to 1.41)1.17(1.02 to 1.34)1.20(1.05 to 1.37)
 Medium-high1.32(1.16 to 1.51)1.19(1.02 to 1.39)1.26(1.10 to 1.44)
 High1.59(1.39 to 1.83)1.33(1.12 to 1.58)1.45(1.25 to 1.68)
Meat and pasta pattern
 Low-1-(Referent)0.50-1-(Referent)0.60-1-(Referent)0.20
 Low-medium0.99(0.87 to 1.13)1.01(0.89 to 1.15)1.02(0.89 to 1.16)
 Medium-high1.07(0.94 to 1.22)1.07(0.94 to 1.22)1.11(0.97 to 1.26)
 High1.03(0.89 to 1.19)1.02(0.88 to 1.17)1.07(0.93 to 1.24)
Eggs and sweets pattern
 Low-1-(Referent)0.15-1-(Referent)0.69-1-(Referent)0.96
 Low-medium0.86(0.75 to 0.98)0.88(0.77 to 1.01)0.89(0.78 to 1.02)
 Medium-high0.93(0.81 to 1.07)0.97(0.85 to 1.12)0.99(0.86 to 1.14)
 High0.86(0.73 to 1.01)0.94(0.80 to 1.10)0.96(0.82 to 1.13)
  • ORs are from multivariable logistic regression analyses adjusted for age, sex, body mass index, total energy intake, total physical activity, education, income, total socioeconomic status, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia.