Table 3

AORs (95% CIs) for low quality of life from logistic regression analysis, Estonian FFS 2004–2005

QoL measureModel 1Model 2Model 3
Had injuryHad injuryHad injury, currently limitedHad injury, recovered
Poor self-rated health (bad or very bad health)2.44 (1.98 to 3.00)4.15 (3.29 to 5.22)7.32 (5.46 to 9.81)2.05 (1.45 to 2.89)
High mental distress (MHI-5 score 0–56)1.85 (1.54 to 2.23)2.02 (1.68 to 2.44)2.41 (1.88 to 3.09)1.72 (1.33 to 2.21)
High loneliness (Gierveld's score >8)1.72 (1.35 to 2.20)1.81 (1.41 to 2.31)2.47 (1.82 to 3.35)1.22 (0.84 to 1.78)
Non-employed1.69 (1.42 to 2.01)1.80 (1.51 to 2.15)2.84 (2.18 to 3.70)1.28 (1.02 to 1.62)
In poverty (<60% median hh income)1.49 (1.21 to 1.84)1.55 (1.25 to 1.91)1.57 (1.18 to 2.08)1.53 (1.15 to 2.03)
Low life satisfaction1.22 (1.00 to 1.49)1.28 (1.05 to 1.57)1.52 (1.14 to 2.02)1.11 (0.85 to 1.46)
External locus of control1.38 (1.10 to 1.73)1.52 (1.21 to 1.91)2.34 (1.77 to 3.11)0.85 (0.58 to 1.23)
  • All models are adjusted for gender, age group, nativity, educational attainment, marital and employment status and place of residence. Models 2 and 3 include additional control for the incidence of chronic conditions beyond the context of injury (chronic condition occurred before injury or among persons who never experienced injury).

  • All AORs compare with the reference category ‘never injured’.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; FFS, Family and Fertility Survey; hh, household; MHI-5, Mental Health Inventory-5; QoL, quality of life.