Table 3

ORs (95% CIs) of having diarrhoea among family members according to access to a quantity of improved water: results of logistic analysis, the 2009 baseline survey of the Kathmandu Valley Water Distribution, Sewerage and Urban Development Project, Kathmandu Valley, Nepal

VariableUnivariateMultivariate
Model 1(−)Model 2(+)
Basic access (20 L/c/d) to improved water source
 Fully covered111
 Partially covered1.52 (1.05 to 2.21)1.12 (0.69 to 1.82)1.09 (0.64 to 1.85)
 Not covered0.92 (0.59 to 1.44)0.74 (0.41 to 1.33)0.83 (0.42 to 1.67)
Intermediate access (50 L/c/d) to improved water source
 Fully covered111
 Partially covered1.23 (0.74 to 2.03)0.71 (0.38 to 1.33)0.67 (0.34 to 1.31)
 Not covered0.84 (0.48 to 1.49)0.51 (0.25 to 1.05)0.56 (0.25 to 1.28)
Optimal access (100 L/c/d) to improved water source
 Fully covered111
 Partially covered2.08 (0.75 to 5.77)1.82 (0.41 to 7.96)2.05 (0.45 to 9.31)
 Not covered1.43 (0.49 to 4.10)1.22 (0.27 to 5.58)1.57 (0.32 to 7.61)
  • Models 1 and 2 were adjusted for demographics, occupation, monthly household income, level of education, ethnicity, drinking water treatment and toilet facilities.

  • (−)Not adjusted for dummy variables for wards in municipalities/village development committees and (+)adjusted for dummy variables for wards in municipalities/village development committees.