Table 1

Differences in physician, patient and event characteristics by type of resolution, 2005–2009

Settlement, % (95% CI) n=56 850Judgement, % (95% CI) n=1817p Value
All claims96.9 (96.8 to 97.0)3.1 (3.0 to 3.2)
Physician's age0.010*
 <300.7 (0.5 to 0.6)0.5 (0.2 to 0.8)
 30–4954.8 (54.3 to 55.2)58.5 (56.2 to 60.7)
 50–6942.2 (41.8 to 42.6)39.2 (36.9 to 41.4)
 ≥702.5 (2.4 to 2.7)1.8 (1.2 to 2.5)
Prior malpractice reports in NPDB0.023*
 No42.5 (42.1 to 42.9)39.9 (37.6 to 42.1)
 Yes57.5 (57.1 to 57.9)60.2 (57.9 to 62.4)
Prior other (non-malpractice) reports in NPDB0.088
 No87.6 (87.3 to 87.9)88.9 (12.1 to 12.7)
 Yes12.4 (87.5 to 90.4)11.1 (9.6 to 12.5)
Relation of malpractice payer<0.001*
 Private insurance84.7 (84.3 to 85.0)80.7 (78.9 to 82.6)
 Self-insured organisation9.5 (9.2 to 9.7)9.9 (8.5 to 11.2)
 State medical malpractice payment5.9 (5.7 to 6.1)9.4 (8.1 to 10.8)
Patient's age<0.001*
 ≥802.6 (2.5 to 2.7)1.1 (0.6 to 1.6)
 60–7913.7 (13.4 to 14.0)11.2 (9.8 to 12.7)
 40–5924.2 (23.8 to 24.6)28.7 (26.6 to 30.9)
 20–3937.5 (37.1 to 37.8)38.1 (35.8 to 40.4)
 0–1920.1 (19.8 to 20.4)18.1 (16.3 to 19.9)
 Fetus2.0 (1.9 to 2.1)2.7 (2.0 to 3.5)
Patient's sex0.094
 Female55.7 (55.3 to 56.1)57.7 (55.4 to 60.0)
 Male44.3 (43.9 to 44.7)42.3 (40.0 to 44.6)
Event type<0.001*
 Diagnostic32.3 (31.9 to 32.7)28.5 (26.4 to 30.5)
 Surgical25.8 (25.5 to 26.2)35.0 (32.8 to 37.1)
 Treatment/medication24.4 (24.0 to 24.7)20.1 (18.3 to 22.0)
 Obstetrics8.2 (8.0 to 8.5)8.8 (7.5 to 10.1)
 Other9.3 (9.0 to 9.5)7.7 (6.4 to 8.9)
Setting<0.001*
 Inpatient46.7 (46.3 to 47.1)47.7 (45.4 to 50.0)
 Outpatient40.2 (39.8 to 40.6)38.0 (35.7 to 40.2)
 Both9.2 (8.9 to 9.4)11.7 (10.2 to 13.2)
 Unknown4.0 (3.8 to 4.1)2.6 (1.9 to 3.4)
Outcome<0.001*
 Death33.0 (32.7 to 33.4)27.1 (25.1 to 29.1)
 Quadriplegic/brain damage/lifelong care5.4 (5.2 to 5.6)3.7 (2.8 to 4.6)
 Significant or major injury36.5 (36.1 to 36.9)42.5 (40.2 to 44.8)
 Minor or insignificant injury23.4 (23.1 to 23.8)24.8 (22.8 to 26.8)
 Emotional injury only1.7 (1.6 to 1.8)1.8 (1.2 to 2.5)
  • NPDB, National Practitioner Data Bank. *p<0.05