Table 3

Factors associated with HIV testing among non-injecting drug usesr in Lashio, Myanmar (n=210)

nPer centOR95% CIAOR95% CI
Age
 ≤2511655.2
 >259444.81.170.68 to 2.020.750.33 to 1.71
Marital status
 Single11052.4
 Married6832.40.620.33 to 1.150.520.22 to 1.21
 Divorced/widower3215.20.880.40 to 1.940.390.13 to 1.18
Education
 Primary/no formal education5232.9
 Secondary education5836.72.041.01 to 4.132.380.95 to 5.97
 High school or above4830.41.290.66 to 2.551.480.58 to 3.77
Ethnicity
 Burma4521.4
 Shan6631.40.280.12 to 0.62*0.300.11 to 0.84*
 Kachin4822.90.210.09 to 0.49**0.300.10 to 0.87*
 Others5124.30.430.19 to 1.000.520.18 to 1.49
Employment status
 Non-regular job3416.2
 Regular job17683.81.670.78 to 3.591.350.44 to 4.14
Living status (inter-regional migration)
 Migrant6731.9
 Resident14368.10.520.29 to 0.94*0.550.26 to 1.17
Most used drug type in the last 3 months
 Heroin8741.4
 Stimulant and others12358.61.150.66 to 2.001.540.63 to 3.79
Had a history of poly drug use in the last 3 months
 Never5827.6
 Ever15272.40.400.21 to 0.74*0.330.14 to 0.77**
Had a history of FSW visit in the last 3 months
 Never8038.1
 Ever13061.90.500.29 to 0.88*0.630.30 to 1.33
Sexual orientation
 Heterosexual7636.2
 Bisexual/homosexual13463.81.770.99 to 3.141.720.73 to 4.03
Had more than one partner in the last 3 months
 No3516.7
 Yes17583.30.870.42 to 1.800.800.27 to 2.38
Ever received drug treatment
 No13966.2
 Yes7133.82.731.51 to 4.92**3.581.38 to 9.24**
Ever registered as a drug user
 No17382.4
 Yes3717.63.481.61 to 7.49**4.381.31 to 14.65**
Ever been in prison or jail
 No17482.9
 Yes3617.11.080.52 to 2.211.280.35 to 4.65
Perceived HIV risk
 No12057.1
 Yes9042.93.291.86 to 5.83*4.462.06 to 9.65***
  • *p<0.05.

  • **p<0.01.

  • ***p<0.001.

  • AOR, adjusted OR; FSW, female sex worker.