Table 4

Estimated mean (SE) healthcare service resources used and associated costs per patient by factor

Monitored group (N=200)Control group (n=201)
Number usedCost, £Number usedCost, £Mean cost Difference, £ (95% CI*)p Value*
GP consultations
 Surgery consultations3.61 (0.19)130.00 (7.00)2.70 (0.21)97.11 (7.46)32.89 (14.55 to 51.04)<0.001
 Phone consultations0.57 (0.08)12.43 (1.78)0.49 (0.09)10.69 (1.98)1.74 (−2.74 to 6.09)0.447
 Home consultations0.06 (0.03)7.74 (3.24)0.09 (0.04)10.39 (4.52)−2.65 (−11.91 to 5.27)0.553
 Total consultations4.24 (0.23)150.17 (8.90)3.27 (0.27)118.19 (10.52)31.97 (8.38 to 54.22)0.004
Practice nurse consultations
 Surgery consultations1.90 (0.18)22.75 (2.11)1.41 (0.14)16.88 (1.71)5.86 (1.14 to 11.00)0.016
 Phone consultations0.69 (0.09)3.28 (0.42)0.15 (0.05)0.71 (0.25)2.57 (1.75 to 3.45)<0.001
 Home consultations0.02 (0.01)0.41 (0.28)0.01 (0.01)0.30 (0.27)0.11 (−0.38 to 0.77)0.704
 Total consultations2.61 (0.21)26.43 (2.27)1.57 (0.17)17.89 (1.88)8.54 (3.46 to 14.15)0.002
District nurse consultations0.04 (0.02)0.67 (0.41)0.15 (0.11)3.94 (3.05)−3.26 (−11.94 to 0.39)0.249
NHS24 consultations0.10 (0.03)4.03 (1.39)0.05 (0.02)2.12 (0.79)1.91 (−0.42 to 4.95)0.139
LUCS consultations0.07 (0.02)4.34 (1.39)0.04 (0.02)2.48 (1.16)1.86 (−0.89 to 4.83)0.193
Medication24.07 (2.12)23.59 (2.20)0.48 (−5.83 to 6.40)0.868
Accident and emergency visits0.07 (0.02)6.70 (2.24)0.10 (0.03)9.74 (2.98)−3.04 (−8.87 to 2.47)0.286
Subtotal excluding tele-monitoring216.41 (11.66)177.95 (15.15)38.46 (5.59 to 69.87)0.019
Tele-monitoring service and device70.7770.77
Total healthcare costs287.18 (11.66)177.95 (15.15)109.23 (76.36 to 140.63)<0.001
  • *p Values (two-tailed) for significant difference from zero and Bias corrected CI estimated by non-parametric bootstrap (10 000 replications).

  • GP, general practitioner; LUCS, Lothian Unscheduled Care Service (out of hours GP or nurse consultations); NHS, National Health Service.