Table 4

Logistic regression predicting likelihood of vulnerability on EDI Scores

OR (95% CI)*OR (95% CI)†
Male2.5 (1.8 to 3.6)2.7 (1.8 to 3.9)
ESL4.3 (2.6 to 6.9)4.5 (2.6 to 7.8)
Age <5 years1.4 (0.9 to 2.2)1.3 (0.8 to 2.0)
Low Birth Weight2.6 (1.4 to 4.9)2.6 (1.3 to 5.0)
Mother's education (ref: University education)
 Primary or less3.1 (1.4 to 6.7)2.5 (1.0 to 6.0)
 Secondary2.1 (1.3 to 3.3)2.1 (1.3 to 3.4)
 Diploma1.5 (0.9 to 2.3)1.5 (0.9 to 2.4)
Daily screen time (ref: 1 h or less)
 2–3 h1.2 (0.8 to 1.8)1.0 (0.6 to 1.6)
 4 or more hours1.7 (1.0 to 3.0)1.2 (0.6 to 2.1)
Stories in the past week (ref: every day)
 Never3.9 (1.0 to 14.3)5.3 (1.3 to 21.1)
 Once or twice1.7 (1.0 to 2.9)1.4 (0.8 to 2.5)
 Many times1.2 (0.8 to 1.7)1.1 (0.7 to 1.6)
No Preschool1.9 (1.0 to 3.8)1.5 (0.7 to 3.1)
  • ESL, English as a second language; EDI, Early Development Instrument

  • *Adjusted for Age, gender and ESL (separate tests run for each subsequent variable).

  • †Adjusted for all other variables in one model.