Table 2

Association between sibling's death from different main causes and suicide in index persons

MenWomen
Cause of sibling's death
 All causes1.28 (0.93 to 1.77)1.55 (0.99 to 2.44)
 Suicide2.44 (1.34 to 4.45)3.19 (1.23 to 8.25)
 Not suicide1.21 (0.88 to 1.71)1.38 (0.84 to 2.26)
 External other than suicide1.41 (0.69 to 2.86)1.71 (0.63 to 4.68)
 Cardiovascular diseases1.27 (0.66 to 2.44)1.34 (0.49 to 3.69)
 Cancer1.20 (0.70 to 2.05)1.02 (0.41 to 2.52)
 All other causes1.08 (0.54 to 2.16)1.68 (0.72 to 3.96)
  • Numbers are mortality risk ratios (with 95% CIs), that is, the ratio of the death risk of bereaved persons and non-bereaved persons, adjusted for the effects of all control variables.

  • Control variables included in the estimations are age, calendar year, socioeconomic status, marital status, number of children, number of siblings and region of residence.

  • Results are from Cox models with random effects.