Table 1

Summary of studies evaluating the association between baldness and coronary heart disease

First author, year of publicationType of studyCountryParticipantsCHD (events)Assessment of baldnessFollow-up (years)Covariates used for adjustment
Schnohr, 19958CohortDenmark5837MI (524)Simplified Hamilton (none, frontoparietal, crown-top, combined)12Age, smoking, systolic blood pressure, cholesterol, triglycerides, physical activity, BMI, family history of MI, marital status, education, economic status, diabetes and alcohol consumption
Ford, 19969CohortThe USA3994Ischaemic heart disease (965)Personal scale (none, minimum, moderate, severe)14Age, age squared, race, education, systolic blood pressure, antihypertensive medication, cholesterol, smoking, BMI and diabetes mellitus
Lotufo, 200010CohortThe USA19112Non-fatal MI, angina, coronary revascularisation (1446)Modified Hamilton (none, frontal, mild vertex, moderate vertex, severe vertex)11Age, aspirin assignment, β-carotene assignment, BMI, height (cm), hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, diabetes, parental history of MI, physical activity, smoking and alcohol use
Lesko, 199311Case–controlThe USA1437Non-fatal MI (665)Modified Hamilton (none, frontal only, mild vertex, moderate vertex, severe vertex)Age, race, religion, years of education, BMI, use of alcohol and cigarettes, family history of MI, personal history of angina, hypertension, diabetes, hypercholesterolaemia, gout, exercise, personality and number of doctor visits in the past year
Mirić, 199812Case–controlCroatia1554Non-fatal MI (842)Personal score (none, any, frontal, parietal, frontoparietal)Age, family history of MI, hypertension, hypercholesterolaemia, BMI, diabetes and smoking
Shahar, 200813Case–controlThe USA5056Non-fatal MI (767)Modified Hamilton (none, frontal, mild vertex, moderate vertex, severe vertex)Age, smoking, BMI, race-centre, cholesterol-lowering medication, antihypertensive medication, HDL, diabetes, educational level and family history of MI
  • BMI, body mass index; CHD, coronary heart disease; HDL, high-density lipoprotein;MI, myocardial infarction;