Table 1

Baseline demographic, socioeconomic and pain data of patients by study arm, prescribing, review and treatment as usual (TAU)

Prescribing* (n=68)Review* (n=62)TAU* (n=63)
Age: mean (SD)66.1 (12.1)65.7 (14.2)64.9 (11.6)
Missing110
Gender (% female)54.4 (37)74.2 (46)58.7 (37)
Marital status
 Married433041
 Single663
 Divorced/widow102113
 Other646
 Missing310
Highest educational level achieved
 No qualifications302721
 O grade or equivalent12614
 Higher/A-level/NVQ3/SVQ3687
 Tertiary education/NVQ4/NVQ5181714
 Other214
 Missing033
Employment status
 Employed16149
 Unemployed351
 Retired383534
 Long-term sick/disabled759
 Other327
 Missing113
Household annual income before tax
 Less than £9999131510
 £10000–£14999141822
 £15000–£24999141212
 £25000–or more22118
 Missing5611
Ethnic group
 Caucasian676261
 Other1
 Missing002
Pain duration (years)
 <1324
 1–312127
 3–510139
 5–10171315
 >10262228
Pain localisation (%, n)
 Back27.9 (19)32.3 (20)20.6 (13)
 Neck, shoulders7.4 (5)9.7 (6)9.5 (6)
 Limbs or hips42.6 (29)30.6 (19)50.8 (32)
 Other8.8 (6)4.8 (3)7.9 (5)
 Missing9147
  • *Denominator based on numbers allocated to the specific arms, minus any exclusions due to protocol violations.