Table 6

OR and 95% CI of activity-limiting injuries (ALI) by life style and socioeconomic status, adjusted for sex and age, National Population Health Survey (NPHS), Canada, 1996–2006

199619982000200220042006
OR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CIOR95% CI
Sex group§M/F1.4*1.1 to 1.61.3*1.1 to 1.60.90.8 to 1.11.3*1.1 to 1.51.4*1.2 to 1.61.3*1.1 to 1.4
Age groups
20–392.1*1.6 to 2.91.9*1.5 to 2.41.8*1.4 to 2.32.2*1.8 to 2.71.8*1.5 to 2.22.2*1.8 to 2.6
40–591.6*1.1 to 2.11.4*1.1 to 1.81.31.0 to 1.61.6*1.3 to 2.01.31.0 to 1.51.5*1.2 to 1.8
60+ (Reference)1.01.01.01.01.01.0
Background variables†
 Married/common lawYes/no1.00.8 to 1.21.00.8 to 1.21.00.8 to 1.21.00.9 to 1.20.90.7 to 1.00.90.8 to 1.0
 IncomeLow/high1.10.9 to 1.31.00.9 to 1.31.21.0 to 1.40.90.8 to 1.11.10.9 to 1.31.21.0 to 1.4
 Completed high schoolYes/no1.21.0 to 1.51.10.9 to 1.31.00.8 to 1.20.90.8 to 1.10.90.7 to 1.01.10.9 to 1.3
 RuralYes/no1.10.9 to 1.41.10.9 to 1.30.90.7 to 1.11.10.9 to 1.30.80.7 to 1.01.00.8 to 1.1
 Non-EnglishYes/no0.90.7 to 1.10.90.7 to 1.00.80.7 to 1.00.80.7 to 1.00.70.6 to 0.90.80.7 to 0.9
ImmigrantYes/no0.6*0.5 to 0.80.7*0.6 to 0.90.80.6 to 1.00.80.6 to 1.00.7*0.5 to 0.80.7*0.6 to 0.9
Health related‡
Current smokingYes/no1.10.9 to 1.41.10.9 to 1.31.21.0 to 1.51.21.0 to 1.50.90.8 to 1.10.90.7 to 1.1
Physical inactivityYes/no0.80.7 to 0.90.80.7 to 0.90.80.6 to 0.90.90.8 to 1.10.80.7 to 0.90.80.7 to 0.9
ObeseYes/no1.21.0 to 1.51.21.0 to 1.51.10.9 to 1.31.00.9 to 1.21.10.9 to 1.31.00.8 to 1.1
Alcohol drink/week9+/Less1.20.9 to 1.51.2*1.0 to 1.61.3*1.0 to 1.71.4*1.2 to 1.81.21.0 to 1.51.5*1.3 to 1.8
Alcohol 5+ at a timeWeekly/less1.3*1.0 to 1.51.4*1.2 to 1.71.4*1.2 to 1.71.2*1.0 to 1.51.3*1.1 to 1.51.3*1.1 to 1.5
  • *Means that there are statistically significant differences compared with control groups.

  • †For background variables comparison groups, the second listed group for binary variables is the reference group.

  • ‡For health-related comparison groups, the second listed group for binary variables is the reference group.

  • §For sex group, female groups are the reference groups.

  • M/F, Male/female.