Table 1

Life style, socioeconomic status and healthcare utilisation of persons with an activity limiting injury before and after the injury, National Population Health Survey (NPHS), Canada, 1994–2006

BeforeDuringAfterp Value*
A (%)B (%)C (%)A vs BB vs CA vs CN†
Risky behaviours and socioeconomic status
 IncomeLow36.332.128.5<0.001<0.001<0.0012892
 ObeseObese17.819.722.40.005<0.001<0.0011780
 Physical activityInactive50.447.148.10.0010.1970.3433044
 SmokingCurrent19.018.518.20.2650.3840.0771693
 Alcohol drinking9+/Week9.610.711.20.0480.5350.3493548
Health-related issues
 Limited activityYes18.725.526.3<0.0010.221<0.0013657
 Health statusPoor33.136.339.6<0.001<0.001<0.0013653
 Medical doctor visits5+/Year26.534.029.8<0.001<0.001<0.0013616
 PainYes13.716.817.3<0.0010.432<0.0013657
 StressYes29.731.329.40.1040.0500.7572967
Medication use in past 30 days before interview
 Pain medicationYes61.970.270.8<0.0010.489<0.0013640
 Sedatives/tranquiliserYes5.77.28.10.0010.055<0.0013639
 AntidepressantsYes4.25.96.2<0.0010.3460.4033641
  • *p Value calculated by McNemar's test.

  • †Number (N) of persons making up the matched analysis for the before and after analysis.