Table 2

Content of descriptions regarding tobacco use among textbooks in the countries surveyed (n=41)

Consequences of tobacco use (n=30, 73.2%)
 Physiological consequences2868.3
 Social consequences1741.5
 Psychological consequences819.5
Social norms (n=19, 46.3%)
 The norm that tobacco use is not socially accepted1536.6
 The norm that tobacco use should be controlled819.5
 The norm that most peers do not use tobacco12.4
Reasons to use tobacco (n=4, 9.8%)
 Acceptance by peers49.8
 Coping with stress37.3
 Being strong12.4
 Unknown (open question without any answers)12.4
Social influences (n=4, 9.8%)
 Influence by adults37.3
 Influence by general society24.9
 Influence by media12.4
 Influence by peers12.4
Resistance and life skills (n=6, 14.6%)
 The skill to avoid making friends who use tobacco49.8
 The skill to advise tobacco-using peers/family to quit37.3
 The skill to utilise leisure time for other activities24.9
 The skill to avoid curiosity about tobacco12.4
 The skill to avoid believing promotion messages12.4
 The skill to avoid thinking about trying tobacco use just once12.4
 The skill to avoid imitating others’ use of tobacco12.4
 The skill to reject offers of tobacco by peers12.4