Table 4

ORs for pre-eclampsia per 10 μg/m3 increase in the first trimester O3 and/or the first trimester NOx levels

NOR95% CIn*OR*95% CI*
O3 unadjusted model1207551.041.02 to 1.071008191.041.01 to 1.07
O3 model 2†1202611.051.02 to 1.071004151.041.01 to 1.07
O3 model 3‡1202611.051.02 to 1.081004151.041.01 to 1.07
O3 model 4§1202611.041.01 to 1.081004151.031.00 to 1.07
O3 model 5¶1151581.111.03 to 1.20958241.151.05 to 1.25
O3 model 6**869931.080.98 to 1.18732781.100.98 to 1.22
NOx unadjusted model1207550.990.97 to 1.011008190.980.96 to 1.01
NOx model 2†1202610.990.97 to 1.021004150.990.96 to 1.01
NOx model 3‡1202610.980.94 to 1.031004150.960.92 to 1.00
NOx model 4§1202610.990.95 to 1.031004150.980.93 to 1.02
NOx model 5¶1151581.000.95 to 1.04958241.010.95 to 1.06
NOx model 6**869931.000.93 to 1.07732780.990.91 to 1.07
  • *Elective caesarean sections were excluded from the analysis.

  • †Single pollutant model adjusted for maternal age, parity, level of education, area of origin, maternal asthma and season of conception.

  • ‡Single pollutant model adjusted for everything in †and conception year.

  • §Multiple pollutant model adjusted for † and ‡.

  • ¶Multiple pollutant model adjusted for †–§, first trimester temperature and first trimester relative humidity.

  • **Multiple pollutant model adjusted for †–¶, maternal smoking, family situation and BMI at the first antenatal care visit.