TableĀ 1

Characteristics of included studies

AuthorYearCountryTeaching hospital(s)RespondentsEBP aspects studied*
Ahmadi172008IranYesInternal medicine interns, residents and fellows1,2,3
Al-Almaie182004Saudi ArabiaNoDoctors from various specialties5
Al-Omari192009JordanBothSpecialists, fellows, residents from various specialties1,2,4,5,6
Al-Omari202006Saudi ArabiaBothConsultant physicians from various specialties1,2,3,5
Amin102007IrelandYesOtorhinolaryngology surgical trainees1,4
Andersson212007SwedenYesTrainee and specialist paediatric nurses5
Brown222009USAYesNurses from various specialties5,6
Brown232010USABothNurses from various specialties5
Chiu242010TaiwanNoDoctors and nurses from various specialties1,2,5
Gale252009USANoStaff nurses and nurse managers from 8 ICUs1,5,6
Gerrish262008UKBothNurses from various specialties5
Hadley272007UKNoJunior doctors1,2
Kitto282007AustraliaNoSurgeons5
Koehn292008USANoStaff nurses, unit managers, clinical advisors1,5
Lai302010MalaysiaNoDoctors, nursing and allied health staff before attending EBM workshop1,5
Melnyk312004USAUnknownNurses before attending EBP workshops1,5
Mehrdad322008IranYesClinical nurses and nurse educators5,6
Mittal332010IndiaNoSurgical trainees attending continuing education meeting1,2,3,4,5
Nwagwu342008NigeriaYesConsultants in tertiary healthcare institutions2,3
Olivieri352004DenmarkYesDoctors from various specialties2,4
Oranta362002FinlandNoStaff and ward nurses5,6
Palfreyman372003UKYesNurses and physiotherapists from various specialties2,5
Parahoo382001N-IrelandNoMedical and surgical nurses1,5,6
Poolman392007NetherlandsUnknownOrthopaedic surgeons1,2,4
Roth402010CanadaUnknownEnglish-speaking urology residents participating in national review course2,3,4,5
Scales412008USABothAmerican Urology Association members1,5
Sur422006USAUnknownAmerican Urology Association members1,3,4
Ubbink432011NetherlandsYesDoctors and nurses from various specialties1,2,3,4,5,6
Ulvenes442009NorwayUnknownReference panel of Norwegian physicians1,2
Upton452005UKUnknownDoctors from various specialties2,5,6
Veness462003Australia & New ZealandUnknownRadiation oncologists and registrars1,2,3,4,6
  • *1=Attitude; 2=skills; 3=awareness; 4=knowledge; 5=barriers; 6=facilitators.

  • EBM, evidence-based medicine; EBP,evidence-based practice; ICU, intensive care unit.