Table 1

Comparisons of sociodemographic characteristics between participants who reported childhood learning problems or disabilities (LD-Yes; n=133) and those who did not (LD-No; n=364)†

VariableTotal sampleLD-NoLD-Yesp Value
N (%)N (%)N (%)
Male gender359 (73)259 (72)100 (76)0.375
Age at enrolment0.001*
 19–25 years36 (7)25 (7)11 (8)
 25–44 years281 (57)190 (52)91 (68)
 Over 44 years180 (36)149 (41)31 (23)
Ethnicity0.469
 Aboriginal77 (15)52 (14)25 (19)
 Caucasian280 (56)208 (57)72 (54)
 Other140 (28)104 (29)36 (27)
Educational attainment (≤grade 8)76 (15)44 (12)32 (25)<0.001*
Single marital status343 (70)250 (69)93 (70)0.797
Language spoken at home during childhood (English)392 (79)282 (77)110 (83)0.206
Psychiatric hospitalisation (past 5 years) longer than 6 months57 (12)43 (12)14 (11)0.686
Psychiatric hospitalisation (past 5 years) 2 or more times253 (53)189 (54)64 (50)0.542
Employment history (at least 1 year of continuous work)323 (65)243 (67)80 (60)0.138
Jail (past 6 months)68 (14)46 (13)22 (17)0.262
Duration of homelessness
 Total lifetime (>3 years)234 (48)155 (43)79 (61)<0.001*
 Longest single period (>1 year)245 (50)174 (48)71 (55)0.143
Age of first homelessness (<25 years)214 (44)143 (39)71 (56)0.001*
Overall health (poor or fair)235 (47)161 (44)74 (56)0.026**
MCAS total score (<56)‡244 (49)177 (49)67 (50)0.730
  • *p≤0.001

  • **p≤0.05.

  • †Each multivariable model was controlled for age (continuous measure), age of first homelessness (continuous measure), gender, ethnicity (Aboriginals, Caucasian, other), marital status (Single vs other) and language spoken in childhood home (English vs other).

  • ‡Dichotomised based on median value.

  • MCAS, Multnomah Community Ability Scale.