Table 1

Characteristics of participants by conventional peripheral arterial disease status expressed as a mean (SD) or N (%) as appropriate

VariableIncludedConventional ABI≥0.9Conventional ABI<0.9p for difference
N24219252
Age in years71.2 (7.4)70.4 (7.0)73.9 (8.3)0.003
Male sex (%)167 (69.0)140 (73.7)27 (52.0)0.003
SBP (mm Hg)141.5 (18.9)140.6 (17.8)144.5 (22.4)0.35
DBP (mm Hg)76.7 (9.9)77.0 (9.8)75.5 (10.4)0.55
BMI (kg/h2)27.5 (4.4)27.5 (4.4)27.2 (4.4)0.63
Waist99.9 (10.8)100.1 (10.4)99.2 (12.3)0.60
Smoking status0.31
 Never98 (40.7)81 (42.9)17 (32.7)
 Former131 (54.4)100 (52.9)31 (59.6)
 Current12 (5.0)8 (4.2)4 (7.7)
  • ABI, Ankle-Brachial Index; BMI, body mass index; DBP, diastolic blood pressure; SBP, systolic blood pressure.