Table 1

Characteristics of included studies

Year published, countryObjectiveDesign and focusParticipantsDate conducted
Wilson, et al (2001), UKTo determine attitudes on the importance of effectiveness informationPostal questionnaire
Cochrane Library
338 Medical directors1999
Paterson-Brown et al (1995), UKTo establish the availability of meta-analytic overviews and to find out how obstetricians keep up to dateTelephone survey
Oxford Database of Perinatal Trials
98 Obstetricians1993
Hanson, et al (2004), SwitzerlandTo determine current, understanding of study, methodology and critical appraisalQuestionnaire, self-administered
Meta-analysis
532 Surgeons and allied professionals from 78 countries2002
Poolman et al (2007), HollandThey examined perceptions and competence in EBMPostal survey
Meta-analysis
Systematic reviews
Cochrane Library
366 Orthopaedic surgeons2005
Sur et al (2005), USAInvestigated the attitudes of urologists towards EBMWeb-based survey
Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR)
714 Urologists2005
Dahn et al (2009), USATo investigate the attitudes of urologists to EBMMail survey
Meta-analyses CDSRs
889 Urologists2006
McAlister et al (1999b), CanadaTo assess the attitudes of general internists to EBMPostal Survey
CDRSs
294 Physicians1997
Wilson et al (2001), UKTo identify current methods of making research evidence accessiblePostal survey
Cochrane Library
1406 General practitioner1999
Young and Ward (2001), AustraliaExamine views about EBMPostal Survey and Semi-structured
Interviews Cochrane Library
60 General practitioners (GPs)1999
McCaw et al (2007), IrelandGain an insight into the use of InternetPostal survey
Cochrane Library
542 Community pharmacists (178) GPs (364)2005
Kerse et al (2001), NZAccess to Internet and Cochrane LibraryCross-sectional postal and fax survey
Cochrane Library
381 GPs1999–2000
McColl et al (1998), UKTo determine the attitude to EBM and perceived usefulness of databasesPostal questionnaire
Systematic reviews
Meta-analysis
Cochrane Library
CDSRs
DARE
302 GP principals1997
Bennett et al (2003), AustraliaTo find out about attitudes to EBP and implementation barriersPostal questionnaire
Cochrane Library
649 Occupational therapists2000
Young and Ward (1999), AustraliaTo determine awareness and use of the Cochrane Library and access to the InternetPostal questionnaire
Cochrane Library
311 GPs1997
Prescott et al (1997), UKTo establish the awareness of research evidenceSelf-administered, postal questionnaire survey
CDSRs
800 GPs1996
Jordans et al (1998), AustraliaTo determine the proportion who report using systematic reviewsCross-sectional telephone survey obstetricians
Systematic reviews
224 Neonatologists1995
Ciliska et al (1999), CanadaTo gain an understanding of research needs, perceptions of barriers to research utilisation and attitudes towards systematic reviewsTelephone questionnaire survey
Systematic reviews
226 Decision makers in public health Included doctorsNK
Olatunbosun et al (1998), CanadaTo examine views of EBMSelf-administered, two-page questionnaire
Cochrane Library
Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database
190 Physicians in obstetric practice1996
Melnyk et al (2004), USADescribe major barriers and facilitators to EBPLimited survey
CDSRs
160 Nurses2003
Gavgani and Mohan (2008), IndiaDirected at exploring attitudes towards EBMSurvey method
Cochrane Library
CDSRs
98 Physicians2008
Wilson et al (2003), UKTo assess the awareness and use of NHSnetPostal survey questionnaire
Cochrane Library
1364
GPs: 441
Nurses: 325
Practice managers: 556
2001
Carey et al (1999), UKTo determine the attitudes of towards the practice of EBMPostal questionnaire
Cochrane Library
139 Psychiatrists1998
Lawrie et al (2000) UKTo examine attitudes to evidence-based psychiatrySurvey, postal
CDSRs
93 Senior psychiatristsNK
Hyde et al (1995), UKTo examine use of Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database (CPCD)Postal survey
CPCD
Cochrane Library
274 subscribers to CPCD
Included doctors
1994
Martis et al (2008) AsiaThe aim was to assess current knowledge of evidence-based practiceSurvey, postal
Reproductive
Health
Library
Cochrane Library
660 Healthcare professionals
Included doctors
2005
Dobbins et al (2007), CanadaThe purpose was to identify preferences for the transfer and exchange of research knowledgeSemistructured interviews
Systematic reviews
16 Policy decision makers
Included a doctor
2001
Dobbins et al (2004), CanadaTo discover public health decision makers’ preferences for content, format and channels for receiving research knowledgeOne-hour focus groups
Systematic reviews
46 Policy makers
Included doctors
2002–2003
  • EBM, Evidence-based medicine; EBP, Evidence-based practice; NK, Not known; DARE, Database of reviews of effects