Table 4

Crude and adjusted ORs for predictors of hypertension control among self-selected and treated hypertensives in four main cities of Cameroon

VariableCategory (%)Unadjusted ORs (95% CI)pAdjusted ORs (95% CI)*p
SexMen059 (0.35 to 1)0.050.47 (0.26 to 0.86)0.01
Age (years)<351 (reference)0.871 (reference)0.63
35–440.54 (0.12 to 2.32)0.38 (0.07 to 1.99)
45–540.68 (0.19 to 2.45)0.57 (0.13 to 2.41)
≥550.67 (0.19 to 2.34)0.46 (0.11 to 1.88)
RegionCentre1 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)<0.001
Littoral0.72 (0.35 to 1.50)0.70 (0.33 to 1.52)
Others3.36 (1.64 to 6.87)3.50 (1.65 to 7.42)
Parental hypertensionYes1.44 (0.87 to 2.40)0.161.56 (0.89 to 2.75)
Diabetes mellitusYes2.73 (1.60 to 4.67)<0.0011.83 (0.98 to 3.39)0.06
DyslipidemiaYes0.74 (0.08 to 6.75)0.791.30 (0.13 to 13.26)0.83
GoutYesNA (none)
SmokingNever1 (reference)0.531 (reference)0.72
Former0.79 (0.21 to 2.89)1.26 (0.30 to 5.34)
Current0.32 (0.04 to 2.57)0.44 (0.05 to 3.97)
Physical activityNo0.30 (0.17 to 0.56)<0.0010.36 (0.20 to 0.66)0.001
Excessive alcoholYes0.59 (0.26 to 1.32)0.200.64 (0.26 to 1.60)0.34
Body mass indexNormal1 (reference)0.0021 (reference)0.003
Overweight0.41 (0.22 to 0.77)0.44 (0.22 to 90)
Obese0.34 (0.18 to 0.66)0.28 (0.14 to 0.59)
High waist girth0.86 (0.51 to 1.44)0.560.77 (0.33 to 1.77)0.54
  • *Age, sex, parental history of hypertension, body mass index and region adjusted.