Table 3

Crude and adjusted ORs for predictors of hypertension among self-selected urban dwellers in Cameroon

VariableCategoryUnadjusted ORs (95% CI)pAdjusted ORs (95% CI)*p
SexMen1.25 (1.05 to 1.48)0.011.63 (1.34 to 2)<0.001
Age (years)<351 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)<0.001
35–441.74 (1.35 to 2.25)1.32 (1.01 to 1.73)
45–543.75 (2.93 to 4.81)2.81 (2.16 to 3.64)
≥559.41 (7.12 to 12.43)8.27 (6.19 to 11.04)
RegionCentre1 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)<0.001
Littoral2.11 (1.73 to 2.57)1.89 (1.52 to 2.36)
Others1.80 (1.36 to 2.37)1.38 (1.01 to 1.89)
Parental hypertensionYes1.47 (1.21 to 1.77)<0.0011.55(1.25 to 1.92)<0.001
Diabetes mellitusYes3.77 (2.61 to 5.44)<0.0012.63 (1.75 to 3.94)<0.001
DyslipidemiaYes2 (0.67 to 5.98)0.221.55 (0.47 to 5.11)0.47
GoutYes3.36 (1.33 to 8.49)0.011.70 (0.62 to 4.67)0.30
SmokingNever1 (reference)0.111 (reference)0.62
Former1.59 (1.01 to 2.51)0.96 (0.59 to 1.65)
Current0.90 (0.63 to 1.29)0.82 (0.54 to 1.22)
Physical activityNo0.90 (0.76 to 1.07)0.231.13 (0.93 to 1.38)0.21
Excessive alcoholYes1.33 (1.06 to 1.66)0.011.05 (0.81 to 1.36)0.70
Body mass indexNormal1 (reference)<0.0011 (reference)<0.001
Overweight2.03 (1.65 to 2.50)1.94 (1.54 to 2.45)
Obese3.54 (2.83 to 4.43)3.32 (2.57 to 4.29)
High waist girth2.12 (1.78 to 2.52)<0.0011.94 (1.51 to 2.48)<0.001
  • *Age, sex, parental history of hypertension, body mass index and region adjusted.