Table 3

Associations between socioeconomic status and self-reported diabetes in India; 3rd National family health survey, 2005–2006

VariableModels 1–3, OR (95% CrI)Model 4, OR (95% CrI)Model 5, OR (95% CrI)
Social caste
 Other caste1.001.001.00
 Scheduled caste0.81 (0.71 to 0.94)1.05 (0.91 to 1.21)1.07 (0.93 to 1.24)
 Scheduled tribe0.57 (0.46 to 0.70)0.72 (0.58 to 0.90)0.73 (0.57 to 0.92)
 Other backward caste0.84 (0.75 to 0.94)0.95 (0.85 to 1.07)0.96 (0.86 to 1.08)
 No caste0.89 (0.71 to 1.11)0.94 (0.75 to 1.17)0.95 (0.76 to 1.20)
Wealth
 Poorest1.001.001.00
 2nd quintile1.59 (1.20 to 2.12)1.57 (1.21 to 2.07)1.49 (1.14 to 1.96)
 3rd quintile1.63 (1.23 to 2.16)1.55 (1.21 to 2.02)1.39 (1.07 to 1.81)
 4th quintile2.42 (1.85 to 3.17)2.25 (1.76 to 2.92)1.79 (1.40 to 2.34)
 Richest4.04 (3.08 to 5.30)3.65 (2.83 to 4.78)2.58 (1.99 to 3.40)
Education
 No education1.001.001.00
 Primary1.23 (1.06 to 1.43)1.06 (0.91 to 1.22)1.00 (0.86 to 1.17)
 Secondary1.68 (1.49 to 1.90)1.18 (1.04 to 1.35)1.12 (0.98 to 1.28)
 Higher1.87 (1.61 to 2.18)1.12 (0.95 to 1.32)1.01 (0.86 to 1.20)
Body mass index (kg/m2)
 <18.51.00
 18.5–22.91.25 (1.08 to 1.46)
 23–27.42.08 (1.79 to 2.44)
 ≥27.52.98 (2.51 to 3.54)
  • In models 1–3, one SES marker (social caste, household wealth and education) was modelled at a time while adjusting for age, gender, religion and place of residence. In model 4, all SES markers were included along with covariates form models 1–3. In model 5, BMI was included with markers of SES and covariates from model 4.

  • SES, socioeconomic status.