Table 2

Additional medications used for asthma management

MedicationExposed (479), n (%)Unexposed (958), n (%)
Mast cell stabilisers2 (<1)5 (<1)
Leukotriene modifiers134 (28)318 (33)
Long-acting β agonists48 (10)126 (13)
Theophylline42 (9)142 (15)
Ipratropium31 (6)100 (10)
Short-acting β agonists180 (38)462 (48)
Oral corticosteroids81 (17)294 (31)