Table 3

The effect of walking speed in 1000 steps/h on the changes per 2 days in cardiovascular risk factors

HDL cholesterolLDL cholesterolTotal cholesterolTriglyceridesSystolic BP
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Model I0.01 (0.00 to 0.02)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.04)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.05)*−0.01 (−0.03 to 0.01)−0.41 (−0.81 to −0.01)*
Model II0.01 (0.00 to 0.02)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.04)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.05)*−0.01 (−0.03 to 0.01)−0.40 (−0.79 to −0.00)*
Model III0.01 (0.00 to 0.02)*0.02 (0.00 to 0.04)*0.03 (0.00 to 0.05)*0.00 (−0.03 to 0.02)−0.36 (−0.76 to 0.04)
Diastolic BPWeightWaist circ.Glucose
β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)β (95% CI)
Model I−0.10 (−0.33 to 0.13)0.01 (−0.05 to 0.08)0.09 (−0.12 to 0.30)0.00 (−0.03 to 0.02)
Model II−0.09 (−0.32 to 0.14)0.01 (−0.05 to 0.08)0.09 (−0.12 to 0.30)−0.01 (−0.03 to 0.02)
Model III−0.06 (−0.29 to 0.17)0.01 (−0.05 to 0.08)0.12 (−0.08 to 0.32)0.00 (−0.02 to 0.02)
  • The regression coefficient β (with 95% CI) denotes the mean change in the risk factor per 2 days which is associated with a 1000 steps/h higher walking speed. For example, a 1000 steps/h higher walking speed is associated with an increase in HDL cholesterol of 0.01 (95% CI 0.00 to 0.02) mmol/l (model III) per 2 days, translating to 0.06 (95% CI 0.00 to 0.12) mmol/l during the whole 12-day walking tour. Model I = crude, model II = age and gender and model III = age, gender, current smoking, BMI and heart rate at baseline.

  • * p<0.05.

  • BMI, body mass index; BP, blood pressure; waist circ., waist circumference; LDL, low-density lipoprotein; HDL, high-density lipoprotein.