Table 1

Baseline characteristics at age 70

All participants (n=919)Participants with stroke/TIA (n=155)
Systolic blood pressure (mm Hg)146 (18)151 (19)
S-total cholesterol (mmol/l)5.8 (1.0)5.9 (1.1)
Atrial fibrillation36 (4%)9 (10%)
ECG-LVH65 (7%)14 (16%)
Hypertension prevalence676 (74%)82 (84%)
Diabetes prevalence159 (17%)21 (22%)
Treatment with hypertension medicine306 (33%)44 (45%)
Treatment with diabetes medicine48 (5%)7 (7%)
Treatment with lipid-lowering medicine80 (9%)14 (16%)
Current cigarette smoking174 (19%)23 (24%)
Education
 Elementary school only (7 or 8 years)571 (81%)53 (74%)
 Secondary school (12 years)51 (7%)8 (11%)
 Three or more years of college or graduate examination107 (15%)11 (15%)
Social group
 Low388 (42%)39 (40%)
 Middle361 (39%)36 (37%)
 High169 (18%)22 (23%)
Mini-Mental State Examination
 Group ≤27 points182 (22%)21 (24%)
 Group 28 points181 (22%)20 (23%)
 Group 29 points264 (32%)27 (31%)
 Group 30 points192 (23%)18 (21%)
Trail Making Test-A (seconds)47 (20)48 (20)
Trail Making Test-B (seconds)119 (48)127 (46)
  • Data are presented as means (SDs) or numbers of individuals (%).

  • Diabetes is defined according to the 1997 American Diabetes Association criteria.

  • LVH, left ventricular hypertrophy; S, serum; TIA, transient ischaemic attack.